The Ku Klux Klan Essay Research Paper

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The Ku Klux Klan Essay, Research Paper The Ku Klux Klan, better known as the KKK, was started in Tennessee in 1866. The people who believed in "White Pride" came together against the advancement of African Americans, Jews, and other minorities. The KKK members were very violent and used harsh actions to get their point across, but their actions were supported by their strong belief in their religion and the culture in which they were brought up in. The Klan did as it believed, they did what they thought was right and for their time period they were just acting in the way their culture brought them up to act. The name Ku Klux Klan comes from the Greek word kuklos, meaning circle. The oldest symbol of unity is a circle. The Klan represents itself as the "oldest

American White civil rights group." The KKK’s history has been split into five eras. Former Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest founded the First Era in 1866. The Klan was formed during the Reconstruction Era of United States history. Klan members went on "night rides." On "night rides" the KKK members dressed in white robes and went to houses belonging to empowered blacks and instituted fright into their hearts. They would threaten these blacks with what would happen if they voted or took positions of power. They often whipped, mutilated or even killed any black that didn’t comply with the KKK’s ideas. The Second Era of the KKK reigned from 1915-1925. This Second Era of Klansmen came together against the blacks that were trying to take a

spot in the community with the NAACP. The Klan provided middle-class whites with stability. This era of the Klan came together against African Americans, Catholics, Jews, Asians, immigrants, anyone who had pre-and extra-marital escapades, and many other minorities. This Klan era was the First Era to use automobiles as part of the lynching. The Third Era was started in May of 1954 when the Supreme Court ruled that segregating of public schools by race was unconstitutional. This generation of Klansmen at one point numbered 40,000. In 1857 as a result of the Montgomery Bus boycott, a group of Klan members torched four African American Churches. At one point a count was taken and there had been over one hundred and fifty acts of racial and anti-Semitic acts of violence in the south.

The Third Era mainly used their own forms of bombs to destroy residents and churches of their enemies. The Fourth Era overlapped with the ends of the Third Era; David Duke was one of the main leaders. Duke used a sort of Nazi flavor to revamp the KKK, and his best addition to the Klan was his manipulation of the media. Dukes main attacks were at affirmative action, he attracted new youthful members, recruiting from high schools and colleges. The most well known act of terrorism occurred in Greensboro in 1979, where the Communist Workers Party rallied against the Klan, their motto was "Death to the Klan". KKK members and Nazis came together and attacked the marchers and wounded five protestors and killed another nine. Presently the Fifth Era of the KKK is in action, they

haven’t been as violent as the past four eras, but there are several groups that are growing in numbers. The Ku Klux Klan’s actions were very radical. There is one idea that hasn’t changed in the past one hundred and fifty years, and that is that the killing of an innocent person is wrong. The KKK killed any black that had too much power or a lot of influence. Prior to the Klan’s existence a similar party killed one hundred and sixteen black people and their bodies were thrown in the Tallahatchie River. In one Louisiana parish in 1868, over a two-day period Klansmen killed or wounded two hundred victims. A large pile of twenty-five dead bodies was found half buried in the woods. During 1870 in South Carolina the Klan killed six black people, and whipped another three