The Keeper Of Nature Essay Research Paper — страница 3

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tax. Henry objected to the use of the revenues of this poll tax because it helped finance the United States’ war with Mexico and supported the enforcement of slavery laws. Henry refused to pay his taxes and refused the offers made by Sam Staples himself to pay the tax. Since Henry refused to have his tax paid, Sam Staples was required to take Henry to jail. Henry spent that night in jail. During that evening however, someone heard that Henry was in jail and paid Henry’s taxes. No one really knows for sure who paid the tax, but most believe it was Henry’s Aunt Maria Thoreau. When Sam Staples found out that Henry’s taxes were paid it was after he had taken off his boots for the evening, so he decided to release Henry in the morning. Henry should have never spent the night

in jail have since the state no longer had a reason to hold Henry. When Henry found out that his tax had been paid he was outraged and wanted to remain in the jail. Henry argued that since he himself was not the one who paid the taxes that he still deserved to be in jail. The evening he spent in jail prompted Henry to write what became one of his most famous essays and one of the most important political essays ever, “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience.” It is in “Civil Disobedience” that Henry asks all of us to question our actions and the actions of our state. He writes, Cali 7 “Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?….I do not hesitate to say,

that those who call themselves abolitionists should at once effectively withdraw their support, both in person and property, from the government of Massachusetts, and not wait till they constitute a majority of one, before they suffer the right to prevail through them….Moreover, any man more right than his neighbors, constitutes a majority of one already.” “Civil Disobedience” and Henry David Thoreau have had great impacts one the lives of some of America’s greatest leaders. President John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglass were all influence by Henry David Thoreau’s thoughts. Henry Thoreau left his cabin at Walden Pond on September 6, 1847. Henry’s book, Walden, was published several years and seven versions later in

1854. As Henry got older, his attentions turned more towards the observing and recording of natural history in Concord. Henry kept very thorough journals of natural history and the citizens of Concord regarded him as the town naturalist and would ask him many questions regarding nature and would ask him to identify interesting creatures and plants. Many scholars consider Henry David Thoreau to be the father of the American conservation and preservation movements. The essay heralding Thoreau’s ideas of conservation and preservation is “Walking”. In his essay “Walking” Henry claims, “To preserve wild animals implies generally the creation of a forest for them to dwell in or resort to” and “…in Wildness is the preservation of the world.” Cali 8 Few dare to take

what they really think and put out for all to see, but Henry David Thoreau did and we the world refuse to accept otherwise. Henry David Thoreau died May 6th 1862, after a suffering a prolonged case of tuberculosis, a disease which plagued Henry throughout most of his adult life. His physical being gave out but his spirit still and will forever thrive in the hearts of transcendentalists forever. His views revolutionized the people thought of he world and his radical actions instilled rebellion in the hearts of all. 1. Harding, Walter. Henry David Thoreau. Random House Inc. Toronto. 1962. 2. Richardson, Robert D. A Life of Mind. University of California Press. Los Angelas. 1986. 3. Thoreau, Henry David. Cape Cod. The Heritage Press. New York. 1968. 4. “Life and Times of Henry

David Thoreau,” Encarta Online 24 August 1999. 17 March 2000