The Jungle By Upton Sinclair Essay Research — страница 2

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named Ostrinski, who teaches Jurgis about Socialism. Jurgis agrees completely with the political party’s ideals, and becomes an active member. As the story ends, the results of an election are being recieved. The novel concludes on a positive note, showing that the Socialist party made significant progress all across the country. The Jungle is a novel that casts an evil light on America, business, and politics. It promotes the concept of Socialism, emphasizes corruption in our society, and makes wage-earners look like slaves. Jurgis and his family moved from Lithuania to America, expecting a better life. Instead of telling a story about their success through hard work and dedication, Upton Sinclair tells a story about how they were cheated before they even got off the boat.

During the passage to america, an agent appeared to be helping them but was really cheating them. After arriving, they were constantly cheated out of their money. The house they bought was a total fraud, full of hidden expenses. Many members of the family were able to get jobs only through bribery. Ona was exploited by Connor, who threatened to have her, Jurgis, and the rest of the family if she refused the relationship. When Jurgis left Packingtown, he lived by thievery, selfishness, and bribery. When Jurgis switched to this amoral lifestyle, he finally became successful. The foreman of Packingtown also lived by corruption. They fired union members, cheated people out of their pay, and required “gifts” before hiring people. Whhen a foreman’s boss learned of this, he

required “gifts” from the foreman to keep quiet. The police were also corrupt. They let robbers go, and demanded a percentage of what the robbers had taken. The politicians placed friends on the city payroll, accepted bribes from criminals, ans bribed the police to avoid arrest. In the book, anyone who earned a living through honesty and hard work was trapped in poverty. Anyone who lied and cheated to make a living was wealthy. This was the way the Capitalistic society was presented in the book. It showed that a hard worker was not rewarded, and was disposed of when he/she became a burden. The book portrayed an honest, hardworking lower class, and a dishonest, lazy upper class. No middle class was described. Toward the end of the book, Upto Sinclair shows the reader how to

solve Capitalism’s problems: replace it with Socialism. The Socialist party is promoted as an international political party that will solve all of the world’s problems. Every member of the party was told about the “Socialist revolution”, when the entire planet would become Socialist. Not once does the book mention the possibility of failure. It even claimed Socialists would control the country by 1912. The Socialists despised the concept of competition. They considered the commercial world to be the essence of corruptio. The goal of the Socialist party in The Jungle was to end the corrupt and powerful Beef Trust. The Jungle is more than an advertisement for Socialism. It describes the horrors of the meat packing industry in great detail. People were forced to work from

sunrise to after sunset. In the meat reserving plants, the floors were never dry. The workers would catch horrible foot diseases, causing them to loose toes and eventually entire legs. The butchers would be forced to move at a blinding pace, often cutting themselves and others. They would still have to work though, or loose their job. Often, the wounds would become infected, and the butcher would die of blood poisoning. The book discusses all the things that were being shipped out to the civilized world as “meat”. Sausages were not really made out of sausage meat. They were mostly composed of “potato flour”; an odorless and tasteless potato extract with almost no food value. There were the cattle that had been fed “whiskey malt”; the refuse of breweries, These animals

would become “steerly”, or covered with boils. “It was a nasty job killing these, for when you plunged your knife into them they would burst and splash foul-smelling stuff in your face.” According to law, diseased meat could not be sold out of the state. However, there were no laws restricting it’s sale inside the state. As a result, the tuberculosis-infected hog meat never left Packingtown. It was sold to the meat workers at inflated prices. Another thing that shocked me while reading the novel was the cruelty to animals. The animals were packed in freight cars, and shipped across the country. Many of thhem died on the trip. Once reaching Packingtown, each hog had a chain fastened around its leg, was hoisted into the air, and carried into a room where its throat was