The Invention Of The Aircraft Carrier Essay

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The Invention Of The Aircraft Carrier Essay, Research Paper The Invention of Aircraft Carrier The Invention of the Aircraft Carrier was a great event in U.S. Maritime history. The Aircraft Carrier battle group has become a critical element of United States foreign policy and acts as the central force in the nation’s forward deployed presence around the globe. The Aircraft Carrier is of great strategical importance around the world. Aircraft Carriers provide a wide range of possible response for the National Command Authority. The Carrier’s mission is to provide a credible , sustainable, independent forward presence and conventional deterrence in peacetime, To operate as the cornerstone of joint/allied maritime expeditionary forces in times of crisis, and to operate and

support aircraft attacks on enemies, protect friendly forces and engage in sustained independent operations in war. Aircraft Carriers are deployed worldwide in support of U.S. interests and commitments. They can respond to global crises in ways ranging from peacetime presence to full-scale war. Together with their on-board air wings, the carriers have vital roles across the full spectrum of conflict. Since the Earth is covered by 70% water, the Aircraft Carrier does not need to make a base in foreign countries. All it needs is one land base, this is true because when the Carrier is out to sea and needs fuel, a fuel-ship will come along and refuel it. This is a huge advantage over air fields. The Aircraft Carrier is a ship with a long, unobstructed flight deck that permits

takeoffs and landings by high-performance airplanes. A carrier is in effect a mobile air base. Planes are stored below deck and brought up and down on elevators. They take off under their own power or may be launched by catapults, which are explained in the next paragraph. Decks are angled so that pilots missing the arresting gear will be able to go around again without hitting other aircraft. Carriers, equipped with or capable of carrying missiles, are the heart of modern striking forces, accompanied by a variety of support vessels: destroyers and cruisers for protection and supply ships bearing fuel, ammunition, and food. The following few paragraphs will be telling you about the parts of the Aircraft Carrier and its uses. Each carrier-based aircraft has a tailhook, a hook

bolted to an 8-foot bar extending from the after part of the aircraft. It is with the tailhook that the pilot catches one of the four steel cables stretched across the deck, bringing the plane, traveling at 150 miles per hour, to a complete stop in about 320 feet. The cables are set to stop each aircraft at the same place on the deck, regardless of the size or weight of the plane. There are also the Catapults that launch the planes off of the ship. The four steam-powered catapults thrust a 48,000 Pound aircraft 300 feet, from zero to 165 miles per hour in 2 seconds! On each plane’s nose gear is a T-bar which locks into the catapult’s shuttle which pulls the plane down the catapult. The flight deck crew can launch 2 aircraft and land one every 37 seconds in daylight, and one

per minute at night. The Bridge is the Primary control position for every ship when the ship is underway, and the place where all orders and commands affecting the ship, her movements, and routine originate. The earliest flight from a ship was made off an improvised platform on the U.S. cruiser Birmingham in 1910. The first true carrier designed to permit takeoffs and landings was the British merchant ship HMS Argus, completed in 1918. The first U.S. carrier, the Langley, a converted collier, joined the fleet in 1922, and in 1927 the Lexington and Saratoga were converted from battle cruisers. After World War I, major carrier fleets were built by the United States, Japan, and Britain; in the 1930s tactical exercises were held by the U.S. Navy to study and improve efficiency of its