The Instability In Israel Essay Research Paper

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The Instability In Israel Essay, Research Paper The subject that I will be focussing on is: Why has there been instability in Israel from its formation in 1948 to present day. This question can be broken down into several key areas: The Balfour Declaration of 1917; The creation of Israel; The subsequent four wars; Egyptian-Israeli peace talks; Turmoil in Lebanon and 90 s to present day. I will focus on the Palestinian point of view as well as the Israeli. I will use biographies written by both sides and their own interpretations of what was going on along side them. I will show that for there to be peace in Israel, Israel must adopt a policy, which is less prejudice towards the Arab Israeli s who live in Israel but are Muslim. They must also decide what is more important land

or peace. I will also show that Palestinians need to be realistic as to the land that they can receive and that compromise on their part could stop the crisis. I will also show that Israeli s have been as much to blame for the violence that is still going on today. I will also use newspaper articles to show the different ways in which Palestinians and Israeli s are viewed by the media both in the past and the present. In November 1917, The Balfour Declaration sent to a leading Zionist, Lord Rothschild stated that the British government believed that a national home for the Jews should be created in Palestine. The Zionists were an extremist group who believed that it was essential that Jewish people should have a homeland of their own. Their rights to Palestine are on the basis

that in the Old Testament god promised Jews Palestine as their homeland. Britain ruled Palestine, by the end of the 19th century and this did not please the Arabs who had expected self-government and an Arab state. The aspect of the declaration that I am interested in is the place where it states …the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people… This has been misinterpreted by many people including the Zionists who saw this as an open invitation to take over Palestine. I will address the letter that was sent to Sherif Hussein Leader of the Arabs, which stated, Great Britain is prepared to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs in all the region. I will look at the contradictory statements made by Britain, which left both sides wondering

what they meant. The four wars that have occurred in the last fifty years shows us that the hostility in Israel did not cease, in fact it worsened after Ben Guiron announced the creation of Israel in 1948. As Israel was proclaimed it was immediately attacked by Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon. Subsequently Israel not only retained the land given to them by the UN but also gained more and refused to give it back. The Suez War in 1956 occurred for many reasons partly the Arab Israeli conflict and partly the struggle between Arab nationalism and Britain and France wanting to maintain power in the Middle East. The result of the war was humiliation for France and Britain who achieved none of their goals. Israel gained as it inflicted heavy loses on the Egyptian army, however

land that she had captured from Egypt was handed back on the orders of the UN. The Six Dar War in 1967 was another joint effort from the Arab nations to attack Israel. However Israel not only nullified this threat it also captured the Gaza strip, the whole of Sinai from Egypt, the rest of Jerusalem, West Bank from Jordan and the Golan Heights from Syria. This time Israel ignored a UN order to give back the land. The Yom Kippur War in 1973 was a joint Egyptian- Syrian attack on Israel. It occurred mainly because of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) led by Yasser Arafat applying pressure for something to be done. It was more evenly balanced however the rest of the world suffered as oil prices shot up because Arab nations decided to lessen the supply. In 1978 Israeli and