The Impact That Stalin Had On Russia — страница 2

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policy- were now to join them. There quickly followed mass famine across Russia, yet Stalin still made the decision to collectivise. Collectivisation was Stalin?s solution to the appalling state of Russia?s agriculture. He believed that Russia had to be self-sufficient. Indeed his Five Year Plans were dependent upon the peasant farmers providing food for the workers in the factories. Such rapid industrialisation could only be achieved if agriculture was made more efficient, as sufficient food had to be produced to feed the workforce. Surplus food could then be sold for money to boost the industrial sector. This was where collectivisation came in. Collectivisation was implemented in 1928 and was initially on a purely voluntary basis- at a moderate and achievable pace. In practice

this wasn?t the case. In a bid to increase collective membership, peasants were granted incentives to join the collectives in 1930. Stalin introduced the machine tractor station in Russia, where collectives could borrow machinery and increase their productivity in return for payment in the form of crops. 380