The Impact That Stalin Had On Russia

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The Impact That Stalin Had On Russia And The RussianPeople Essay, Research Paper Stalin ruled Russia from 1928 to 1953. He had some short-term impact on Russia but he was single-minded and not pragmatic- unlike Lenin- therefore his impact was mostly long-term. A significant belief of Lenin?s had been that everybody should be equal. Where women were concerned Stalin had other ideas. He reversed many laws from the 1920s relating to women?s emancipation, in favour of strengthening the family. For example, divorce and child support (if unmarried) became more difficult to obtain, abortion was made illegal, and women lost rights in the family. Reasons being that many children had been born out of marriage. By 1930 Moscow was awash with a high number of homeless children who had no

family and were seen as a stain on the perfect communist society that Stalin aspired to. Women lost the rights they had received under Lenin?s rule, silently infuriating them. Traditional Russians, tsar-like minded, were pleased to see women relegated to the second class again. It had mixed impact for different groups. Like the women under Stalin?s Russia, artists and freethinkers were oppressed and reverted to the Tsarist-like censorship. Individuality was forbidden under Stalin and writers and artists were forced to produce work that glorified workers, peasants and the revolution. Likewise, newspapers were strictly censored and communist papers were exclusive. Education had been of great importance to both leaders and was strictly controlled under Stalin. The old Tsarist forms

of education e.g. discipline and examinations were abolished. This produced a batch of poorly educated and unruly pupils. In 1932 Stalin introduced a rigid programme of education i.e. exams were reintroduced and much more discipline. History was a subject Stalin wanted children to mainly focus on, especially as he had textbooks rewritten to exaggerate his greatness and importance to historic events, pasting himself onto many photos and erasing people like Trotsky. This was tightly controlled by the government and acted as propaganda in favour of Stalin also. Outside of school time, Stalin ensured that children were encouraged to attend political youth groups (started by Lenin) such as the Octobrists, the Pioneers and the Komosol. These youth groups were an ongoing concept by

Lenin, tightly linked with education of the time and shaping the children into young Stalinists. At the time these youth groups were a continuation of a positive programme, enabling mothers to have time to themselves and for children to socialise, interact and learn. Stalin had a hugely positive impact on Russian peoples? leisure time. Sport and fitness was encouraged to improve the general health of Russian men and women. Every worker was entitled to a holiday- something that was unheard of before the revolution. Trade unions and collective farms played a large part in providing clubs, sports facilities, film shows (propaganda of course), festivals and general entertainment. Children were given the ?Archimedes club? for child inventors, ?hall of interesting occupations?, table

games club, toy pavilion and car games. The biggest (and most positive) impact Stalin had, however, was to industrialise Russia and create a superpower from a destitute nation. This was a result of Stalin?s three five-year plans. This was a long-term impact, which later enabled Stalin to conquer the surrounding countries in Eastern Europe. Once Stalin had established dictatorship (after 4 years), he abolished the When Stalin put an end to the NEP so abruptly there was mixed feelings. The Bolsheviks and extreme communists were pleased to see the NEP go, as it did not conform to communist ideology. Conversely, the peasants and factory owners were not. Even with the NEP in full flow 27 million people had been queuing up on the bread line, more people? those who depended on the