The Iliad Essay Research Paper Aaron RorabaughRorabaugh — страница 2
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begin to retreat to their ships. Posiedon, god of the sea, appears to the Greeks in the form of Calchas the prophet, and motivates them to continue fighting. Ajax helps Posiedon, and the Greeks fight alongside their ships. The Greeks hold the Trojans back. Rorabaugh 4 Agamemnon again suggests retreat, and Odysseus and Diomedes oppose him, and the Greeks stay. Hera, Zeus’ wife, drugs him so Posiedon can assist the Greeks without interference from Zeus. Zeus wakes up from his drug-induced sleep, and forces Posiedon to stop aiding the Greeks. The Trojans try another attack, but it is repulsed largely due to Ajax. Meanwhile, Patroclus has entered the Greek camp and is moved to tears by the suffering of his fellow soldiers. Patroclus begs Achilles for permission to fight using Achilles’ armor. Achilles agrees, but he warns Patroclus not to fight too dangerously, or chase enemies. Patroclus becomes absorbed in the fighting, and fights beyond his ability. Hector kills Patroclus. Hector takes Achilles’ armor off of Patroclus. The Greek warriors rush to defend Patroclus’ body. Many Greeks fight to save his body, and Menelaus and Meriones are successful. Achilles learns of Patroclus’ death, and he cries and mourns. Achilles mother, the sea-nymph Thetis, comforts her son by asking Hepheastus, blacksmith of the gods to make him a suit of divine armor. Hepheastus makes a suit of armor that shows scenes from Greek history, of the past, of the current war, and of the future. Thetis presents the armor to her son Achilles, and also helps to preserve Patroclus’ body. Rorabaugh 5 Achilles abandons his argument with Agamemnon, and they make amends. Before Achilles enters battle, he is told of the prophesy of his death by Furies, gods that prophesize. Achilles accepts his fate, and begins to fight. Because the gods cannot battle the mortals, they begin to battle each other about the outcome of the war. Meanwhile, Achilles is attacking Hector, to avenge Patroclus. Achilles is almost ambushed by Aeneas, a Trojan, but Posiedon protects Achilles. Achilles again tries to kill Hector, but Hector is saved by Apollo. Achilles kills many other Trojans to try to reach Hector. Achilles kills every Trojan he sees without mercy. He forces the Trojans to retreat to the Scamander river. Achilles even fights the river, which is god-like. The river defeats him, but leaves him alive. Achilles leaves the river, and rides to the gates of Troy. The Trojans have retreated into the city walls. Achilles demands that Hector fight him in single combat. Hector agrees, although he is urged to stay by his father King Priam and his wife. Achilles chases Hector around the city walls three times, and Hector is protected by Athena posing as Deiphobus. Hector decides to stand and fight, and he believes he is being protected by a benevolent god. Hector foolishly throws away his spear, and when he asks for another one, there is no god to provide it, because Athena has abandoned him. Rorabaugh 6 Hector asks Achilles for mercy in his death, but Achilles refuses, and tortures Hector before killing him. Achilles ties Hector’s body to his chariot, and rides around the gates of Troy three times with Hector’s body dragging behind. The Greeks finish their mourning for Patroclus with funeral games of sport. They have a feast, and burn the body of Hector. Zeus decrees that Priam will be allowed to have Hector’s body. Zeus sends Hermes with Priam, and they enter the Greek camp. Priam begs for Hector’s body back at the feet of Achilles. Achilles weeps with Priam, and grants his request. Achilles also grants Priam a truce to properly mourn his son. The city of Troy mourns Hector for 9 days, and then they have a meal, and burn his body on a funeral pyre.