The Human And The Divine Essay Research — страница 2

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that Virgil believed in the power of “Pollio” to restore and to guide the human race to its rightious state. In both Cicero and Virgil, it is obvious that they thought the highest qualities of humans to be our most natural state because it was endowed by the gods to be so, and that if there was corruption in the human world, the divine powers would restore them because it is the will of the gods to form and maintain the human race and society. Their belief in the human race came from their faith in god. 3) Egyptian and Greek Art When we look at Egyptian paintings, we see that the drawings do not quite describe objects as they actually are. When a man is drawn, his face is turned sideways but his shoulders and body are facing the front while the foot is turned sideways. This

strange way of drawing is called the “정면성의 원리( I’m sorry, I don’t know what that is in English)”. What the Egyptians were trying to achieve through the use of this method was to present the parts of the object which most clearly shows its characteristics. For instance, the characteristics of a man’s face is most distinctly shown when it is turned sideways, and the body’s when it is turned towards the front, and so forth. The Egyptians don’t seem to have been interested in drawing objects as they actually were. When they drew, they analized the visual information of the object so that they could present its most distinct characteristics in the form of visual generalization. For them, the important thing was to catch the essence of the object. In this

sense, it can be said that for them, art was a form of abstract vision. On the other hand, the Greek arts had a very different personality. Their starting point was to realize actual beauty in art. That was why they searched out the “golden proportion”, in order to achieve the most beautiful in art. They weren’t just trying to describe how things looked like; they were trying to present gods’ greatness that went far beyond the limits of humanity. In other words, while their art was earthly, it was only so because they were trying to realize the best in the earthly things so that they could be more close to the intentions of the divine powers. 4) Christian Thoughts; The Hymn to Charity, and The Good Samaritan The “Hymn to Charity” stresses on the importance of love. It

tells us the personality of love and why it is so important that we all cherish this in our ways of living. Love is what brings out the most superior characteristics of human beings because it is what brings us closer to the design of the Divine One. The intentions of God is always good and honorable. If we bring ourselves to follow that intention, then it is inevitable for us to act out the spirit of love always. The “Good Samaritan” stresses on social responsibility and the need of love, justice and magnanimity for the social responsibility to be realized. When God made humans and the human society, it was not in his purpose to let it go corrupt as it did. His intention was the realization of the Good and the Truth. If the humans are to follow him, then we must make the

best human characteristics come out and let it aid us in making society as it was willed to be. The good in us was put there by God to realize what He thought to be ideal and therefore, it is out duty to use that goodness in us in order to follow his ideal. These two examples taken from the Bible show us clearly what the early christians thought as the relationship between the human and the divine. 5) Conclusion As we have seen from the examples of Roman thinkers, Egyptian and Greek art, and early christian thoughts, the early western thoughts and arts, which became the founding steps of the western world, had its own particular way of seeing the connection between the Divine and the Human. For them, the qualities we most value in a human being was put in us by the divine powers

so that humans could live in accordance with God’s original design. Therefore, the good in us are perfectly natural and it is only right that we have it within us. And also therefore, it is our duty to act out our goodness in the form of “love” so that we can live in harmony with God’s will. Bibliography 2, Anthony, Classical and Biblical Backgrounds to Western Literature, Sogang University Press, 1996