The Holocaust And Aushwitz Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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were shot. Nazis, who claimed that they did not necessarily hate Jews, but wanted to preserve the Aryan race, seemed to enjoy making the Jews suffer. They also felt that slavery was better than killing their prisoners. “Gold fillings, wedding bands, jewelry, shoes and clothing were taken from the prisoners when they first entered the camps and were sold.” Surrounding some of the camps in Poland was a forest, that the Jews who planned to escape would flee into. Before the escaped prisoners got very far, they were killed. “When the Germans caught a Jew planning a rebellion, and the Jew refused to name his/her associates, the Germans would bring everyone from his/her barracks out and force him/her to watch the Germans mutilate the others.” The people who could not run away

from the camps dreamt about revolt. Special areas of a camp were set aside for medical experiments. One doctor in a medical unit performed an experiment in sterilization. “He injected a substance into women’s ovaries to sterilize them. The injection resulted in temperature and inflammation of the ovaries.” Joseph Mengels, one of the most notorious Nazi doctors, hummed opera tunes when selecting among the new arrivals the victims for the gas chambers or medical experiments. His women victims for sterilization were usually 20-30 years of age. “Other experiments included putting inmates into high pressure chambers to test the effects of altitude on pilots. Some inmates were frozen to determine the best way to revive frozen German soldiers.” DEATH CAMPS “The first death

camp, Chelmno, was set up in Poland on December 8, 1941. This was five weeks before the Wannsee Conference at which time the ‘final solution’ was planned out.” Usually, the death camps were part of existing camps, but some new ones were just set up for this purpose. When the prisoners first arrived at the camps, those sent to the left were transferred to death camps. When Jews entered the death camps, their suitcases, baby bottles, shawls, and eyeglasses were taken and were sold. Once in the death camps the prisoners were again divided. Women were sent to one side to have their hair shaven and the men to the other. “They were all sent to the showers, naked with a bar of soap, so as to deceive them into believing that they were truly going into a shower. Most people

smelled the burning bodies and knew the truth. ” There were six death camps; Chelmno, Treblinka, Auschwitz (Birkenau), Sobibor, Maidanek, and Belzec. These camps used gas from the shower heads to murder their victims. A seventh death camp, Mauthausen, used a method called “extermination through labor”. AUSCHWITZ Auschwitz, located in Poland, was Nazi Germany’s largest concentration camp. It was established by order of Himmler on April 27, 1940. At first, it was small because it was a work camp for Polish and Soviet prisoners of war. It became a death camp in 1941. “Auschwitz was divided into three areas: Auschwitz 1 was the camp commander’s headquarters and administrative offices. Auschwitz 2 was called Birkenau and it was the death camp with forty gas chambers.

Auschwitz 3 was a slave labor camp.” “On the gate of Auschwitz was a sign in German which read, ‘Arbeit macht frei’, which means work makes you free.” Auschwitz included camp sites a few miles away from the main complex. At these sites, slave labor was used to kill the people. The working conditions were so poor that death was a sure result. ” In March 26, 1942, Auschwitz took women prisoners, but after August 16, 1942 the women were housed in Birkenau.” When the Jews arrived at Auschwitz, they were met with threats and promises. “If they didn’t do exactly as they were told, they would be beaten, deprived of food, or shot. From time to time, they would be assured that things would get better.” The daily meals in Auschwitz consisted of watery soup, distributed

once a day, with a small piece of bread. In addition, they got extra allowance consisting of 3/4 ounce of margarine, a little piece of cheese or a spoonful of watered jam. Everyone in the camp was so malnourished that if a drop of soup spilled prisoners would rush from all sides to see if they could get some of the soup. “Because of the bad sanitary conditions, the inadequate diet, the hard labor and other torturous conditions in Auschwitz, most people died after a few months of their arrival.” The few people who managed to stay alive for longer were the ones who were assigned better jobs. “The prisoners slept on three shelves of wooden slabs with six of these units to each tier. They had to stand for hours in the wet and mud during role call, which was twice a day. Some