The History Of Women In Law Enforcement

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The History Of Women In Law Enforcement Essay, Research Paper THESIS: Since first being implemented, policewomen have proven themselves to be extremely effective and essential elements of law enforcement, facing many inequalities along the way. While recent advances in equality have been made, law enforcement is still seen as a male-dominated field. If we are to see further progress in the equivalence of the field, it is important to continue to work for gender equality within our nation?s policing institutions. I.Fore-runners of woman police movement A.Movement began after civil war with female philanthropic groups, both in the United States and in Great Britain 1.Chicago Women?s Club 2.Female Protective League B.The original premise of the female presence in police work was

to protect female inmates from abuse by male members of the field C.An additional aspect of this was preventing the moral corrosion of women and children D.First policewomen 1.Lola Baldwin a.Organizes group in 1905 in Portland, Oregon which dealth with social conditions threatening young girls and women b.Agents of this organization are known as ?operatives? as they resist the idea of being called ?officers? 2.Alice Stebbins Wells a.First offically commissioned policewoman in the United States in Los Angeles in 1910 b.Theology student and social worker c.Patrolled dance halls, skating rinks, arcades, theatres, etc. E.Annual Conference of Charities and Corrections 1.1915 Baltimore, MD 2.Creation of first association for female police work II.Presence of policewomen around world

A.Great Britain 1.1907- first ?police aide? appointed to take statements and interrogate female rape victims for London Criminal Intelligence Agency 2.During WWI a.Women fill in for men who are fighting b.Execute erveillance, have no arrest powers 3.1918- Metro Police of London?s Division of Women Police Patrols a.wayward girls ofenders c.prostitution d.white slave traffic e.female prisoners f.juvenile cases 4.Duties during WWII enforcment b.escorting enemy aliens c.detention centers on Isle of Man, 1946 d.special missions in British-occupied Germany to establish German policewomen sections 5.Full integration with close of Metropolitan Women?s force in 1963 A.West Germany 1.World?s first city to employ officially titled policewoman a.Stuttgart, Germany, 1903

2.Employed since then, but not in Hitler?s era 3.Reinsituted after WWII for democratization and to fill personnall needs 4.Not in formal uniforms 5.Preventive work with women and juveniles B.Poland 1.1925- Women police force started a.Implemented after Poland becomes free for first time since 1795 2.Combat prostitution 3.Help women and children cooperate with social organizations 4.During WWII a.fought and died alongside males for their country C.France 1.1925-response to questionnaires regarding female element of policework a.Women are not on French police forces because women should be homemakers and mothers and should not be employed where there is physical danger 2.1969- 59 policewomen with baccaulaureate degrees a.hold title of ?social assistant? b.virtually no everday

police work D.Japan 1.1946-1963 Female officers appointed in Tokyo?s Metropolitan Police Department 2.1947- Mandate that women should be fully integrated by 1953 a.1200 policewomen working at the time 3.Same status and credentials as men today III.History of Policewomen in the U.S. A.Responsible for preventive policework instead of investigative B.1915-International Association of Policewomen organized C.WWI 1.Keep prostitutes away from military camps 2.Return runaway women to homes 3.Supervise commercial amusements near military camps D.1922- Internationsal Association of Chiefs of Police 1.Pass resolution that women are essential to modern departments E.WWII 1.Supplemented manpower needs 2.Women Auxiliary Police a.Substitute for men b.Fulfill same duties as male officers c.Use