The History Of Tolkien — страница 3

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Valar. The Valar called upon Eru to destroy the Numenorians for their disobedience. Eru agreed with the Valar and with a single thought destroyed all but the Faithful (Tolkien, Return 391-392). The Faithful fled from the Valar and Sauron found himself free once again. The Numenorians were led by Elendil. Elendil founded the country of Gondor. He ordered the building of many great cities including Minas Ithil and Minas Tirith. When Sauron had rebuilt his army he attacked the Numenorians and their elven allies. Sauron succeeded in capturing Minas Ithil which became Minas Morgul (Tolkien, Return 454). Following the capture of Minas Ithil, the greatest battle of the Second Age was fought. In this battle the elf lords Gil-Galad and Elrond fought side by side with Elendil and his sons

Anarion and Isildur. During this battle Isildur cut Sauron=s hand off, killing Sauron=s physical body (Tolkien, Return 455). The Numenorians and elves won the battle. Sauron=s defeat and the claiming of the ring by Isildur marked the end of the Second Age.The Third Age began with the victory over Sauron. Isildur took Sauron=s ring for his own and did not destroy it as was advised. Two years after the war, Isildur was attacked by orcs. He tried to escape by swimming across the river Anduin. The ring slipped off his finger and was shot with an arrow by an orc. The ring sank to the bottom of the Anduin river where it stayed for over two thousand years (Tolkien, Fellowship 83-84). During the first millennium of the Third age the kingdom of Gondor prospered. It=s wise leadership of

the Faithful led them to great wealth and fame. The realm of Gondor encompassed all but the baron wastelands of Morodor. Also during this time the race known as Hobbits were first recorded in the region of Eriador, later known as the Shire (Tolkien, Return 456). After the first century of the first millennium five individuals appeared from out of the west. They were called the Istari. They were Saruman the White, Gandalf the Grey, Radagast the Red, Altar the Blue, and Pallando the Blue. These five individuals were Valar (Tolkien, Unfinished 411-412). They came in the shape of men to advise and support the people of Middle-Earth against the enemies of Eru (Tolkien, Unfinished 406). For a millennium the Istari wondered Middle-Earth gaining in knowledge. They advised when asked and

kept to themselves. After the first millennium the Istari began to become more involved in the politics of Middle-Earth. As time went on, the Istari became background figures again. The fate of Altar and Pallando is unknown. They passed into the east and were never heard from again (Tolkien, Unfinished 407). Radagast forsook his duties to men and elves and wondered in nature. Saruman and Gandalf both were key figures in the shaping of the end of the Third Age.At the same time the Istari appeared in Middle-Earth, Sauron=s presence began to stir. Although his physical body had been destroyed, he lived on through the power of the ring. His presence was first felt with the appearance of a Nazgul in the forest of Greenwood. The Nazgul=s presence there corrupted the forest, twisting

it. The forest was renamed Mirkwood by the peoples of Middle-Earth. Also during this time, a great increase in the number of orcs were noticed. The Black Gates were closed and Minas Morgul was re-fortified (Tolkien, Return 456).The second millennium of the Third Age was a time of preparation. During this time the White Council was formed (Tolkien, Return 459). The White Council included the remaining three Istari and the High Elves. Saruman the White was head of this council. The council was formed to debate what the peoples of Middle-Earth should do about Sauron. During this time the Istari learned about the One Ring of Sauron. The search for the ring was begun by Gandalf and Saruman. In the same year that the White Council met for the first time the One Ring was found in the

River Andiun by the Hobbit Deagol (Tolkien, Fellowship 84). He was murdered by his cousin Smeagol who wanted the ring for himself. Smeagol used the ring to spy on the people in his village till they banished him from his village. Smeagol wandered around for a time till he settled deep in the Misty Mountains. He resided there undisturbed for three centuries. The hobbit Bilbo Baggins met Smeagol in the mountain during his adventures with the dwarves. Bilbo won the ring from Smeagol in a game of riddles (Tolkien, Hobbit 79). After his adventures with the dwarves he took the ring with him to his home in the Shire.Thirty years after Biblo returned to his home he passed the ring on to his nephew Frodo. Frodo learned from Gandalf the true history of his ring and was told to take it to