The History Of Tolkien — страница 2

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into three jewels. These jewels are the Simarilli. The Simarilli instantly became holy symbols to the Valar. Melkor lusted after the Simarilli and wanted them for his own. After several years of careful planning, Melkor and his followers stole the Simarilli, destroyed the two Blessed Trees, and fled from the city. During this time he took the name Morgoth and was forever banished from the Valar. (Tolkien, Simarillion 72-79)The Valar, enraged at the theft of the Simarilli and the destruction of the Blessed Trees, followed Morgoth in force to retrieve the Simarilli. The elves fought with the Valar and man fought with Morgoth. The war lasted for seven years. During this time most of the casualties occurred in the elves and men (Tolkien, Simarillion 74-76). The war ended with the

slaying of Morgoth in a great battle. His death marks the end of the First Age and the beginning of the Second Age. The end of the war left Middle-Earth divided into two factions. One with the Valar, elves, and a small faction of men, the other with the rest of the men and the fallen Valar. The Valar went back to their great city. They gave the elves large areas of Middle-Earth to settle naming them protectors of it. In the early days of the Second Age, the High Elves founded the Grey Havens and Lindon (Tolkien, Return 453). Also during this time, Rivendell was founded by Elrond. Both of these countries would remain strong through the end of the Third Age and the departure of the elves from Middle-Earth. The capitals of these countries became great centers of arts, learning, and

prosperity. Throughout the first half of the Second Age these countries would be in peace with fair, swift justice for all. In the later half of the Second Age, these countries would lead the elves to victory over their enemies. (Tolkien, Simarillion 139-148). The Valar also gave land to their men allies, the Dunedain. The Dunedain were given the land of Numenor. They were given control of their own affairs and were free to do as they wished, except seek the Valar=s realm and the immortality of the Valar. The Men of Numenor lived their lives in solitude, having little contact with either the Valar or the elves. In their land they lived long lives in peace and harmony. They were blessed among men, ruling the other tribes of men. Under their leadership many of the tribes that had

followed Morgoth during the war turned from their evil ways. (Tolkien, Simarillion 80-84) The remnants of Morgoth=s army went into hiding after the war. After many years Sauron, chief advisor to Morgoth, reorganized the army and went to Morodor. Shortly after the beginning of the second millennium, Sauron ordered the construction of a great fortress called Barad-dur. During this time Sauron tried to persuade the elves to follow him. Most refused, but among those that followed him was Erigion, the ring-maker. From Erigion, Sauron learned the art of ring making (Tolkien, Simarillion 356). During this time Erigion forged the nineteen rings of power. The elven kings received three, seven were given to the dwarf lords, and nine were given to the kings of men. A century after the rings

were forged, Sauron began work on his master ring. Sauron added much of his own essence to the ring. Sauron was left with ver little power without the ring (Tolkien, Reader xiv). When he wore the ring his power was increased greatly; without it he was vulnerable. After completion of the master ring, Sauron invaded Middle-Earth. During the next ten years many battles were fought. Sauron increased his territory greatly during this time. He forced the elves from their lands. The elves were pushed into the lands of the Numenorians. The elves made an alliance with the Numenrians. Together they fought the forces of Sauron. Sauron was finally captured by the Numerian and took to their capital. Sauron was held prisoner for many years. He used his powers of persuasion on those around him,

including the King of Numenor. He told the king of the greatness the Valar were denying them. Sauron=s words attracted many of the Numenor. Soon the Numenor were on the edge of civil war (Tolkien, Return 391). During this time the nine rings given to men took the lives of their owners, and they became the Nazgul (Tolkie, Return 454). The Numenorians built several fortresses. The greatest of these was Umbar and Pelargir. Within these cities, the division of the Numenorians was apparent. Many called for the building of a fleet of ships to sail to the Valar=s land. The others were called the Faithful, as they wished to honor the old agreement between the Valar and themselves (Tolkien, Return 391).When the Numenorians reached the shores of the Valar=s lands they were met by a host of