The History Of The Olympic Games Essay — страница 2

  • Просмотров 176
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 15
    Кб

friendly relationships between people from different countries. Despite strong opposition de Coubertin assembled 79 delegates from 12 countries to attend the international congress for the re-establishment of the Olympic Games. It was decided to hold the first modern Olympics in Athens in two years time.The Athens Games of 1896 were a great success. The Olympics had returned to the land of their birth. On April 5th the Games were opened by King George of Greece, in front of a crowd of 60000. The original Olympic medals were silver and only awarded to the winner of an event.Thirteen countries competed at the Athens Games in 1896. Nine sports were on the agenda: cycling, fencing, gymnastics, lawn tennis, shooting, swimming, track and field, weight lifting, and wrestling. The 14-man

U. S. team dominated the track and field events, taking first place in 9 of the 12 events. The Games were a success, and a second Olympiad, to be held in France, was scheduled. Olympic Games were held in 1900 and 1904, and by 1908 the number of competitors more than quadrupled the number at Athens–from 311 to 2,082. Olympic Symbols and IdealsTHE OLYMPIC FLAGThe Olympic flag or symbol is constituted by 5 different coloured rings, blue, yellow, black, green and red. These intertwined rings were designed in 1913 by the founder of the Modern Olympics Baron Pierre de Coubertin. The five colors combined with the white background was said by Coubertin to have symbolic meaning: ” These five rings represent the five parts of the world now won over to the Olympism and ready to accept

its fertile rivalries. Also the six colours thus combined represent those of all nations, with no exceptions. This is a real international emblem.”The flag was made in Paris, at a shop adjoining the Baron’s birthplace. 3 metres long, 2 metres wide, the flag first appeared officially in Paris on the twentieth anniversary of the re-establishment of the games in 1914. It was first hoisted over an Olympic stadium in 1920, during the Antwerp Games. At the Antwerp Games the flag also first appeared carrying the new Olympic motto: “Citius, Altius, Fortius” which is Latin for Faster, Higher, Stronger. It was contrived by an educationalist supporter of Coubertin a Dominican monk, Father Henri Didon. OLYMPIC FLAMEThe Olympic flame which symbolizes the endeavor for perfection and

the struggle for victory, was first introduced to the Olympics in the 1928 Amsterdam Games. The first torch relay was organized and run in Berlin in 1936. Originally the suggestion of the German, Theodore Lewald, a torch is lit at Olympia in Greece, the home of the ancient Olympics, and then carried by relay to the host city. The last runner, carrying the torch, runs into the main stadium at the time of the Opening Ceremony. The Olympic flame is then lit and allowed to burn throughout the Games until it is extinguished during the closing ceremony. OLYMPIC OATHJust as the ancient Greek athletes had to swear an oath to play fairly, so to do the competitors in the modern Olympic Games. The oath was written by Baron de Coubertin and is made at the Opening Ceremony by an athlete from

the host country on behalf of all the athletes. “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we will take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by all the rules which govern them in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams.”Competition officials swear a similar oath.OLYMPIC SPIRIT There are many reasons and goals for the Olympic movement. Some of the main ideas and goals include:To promote the development of those physical and moral qualities which are at the basis of sport.To educate young people through sport in a spirit of better understanding between each other, and of friendship, thereby helping to build a better and more peaceful world. To spread the Olympic principles throughout the world, thereby creating

international goodwill. To bring together the athletes of the world in the great four-yearly sports festival, the Olympic Games. “The spirit of the Olympic Games is indeed the opposite of confrontation: it is the desire of a healthy life, the desire of a better world”