The history of Old English and its development — страница 4

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fæte            fatum A  dæg           dagas     fæt              fatu Examples of a-stems: earm (an arm), eorl, helm (a helmet), hring (a ring), múþ (a mouth); neuter ones - dor (a gate), hof (a courtyard), geoc (a yoke), word, déor (an animal), bearn (a child), géar (a year). ja-stems                          Singular               

Masculine                             Neuter N  hrycg (back)   here (army) ende (end)  cynn (kind)  ríce (realm) G  hrycges           heriges        endes          cynnes        ríces D  hrycge            herige          ende          

cynne          ríce A  hrycg              here            ende           cynn            ríce                          Plural N  hrycgeas        herigeas       endas         cynn            ríciu G 

hrycgea          herigea        enda           cynna          rícea D  hrycgium        herigum       endum        cynnum       rícium A  hrycgeas        herigeas       endas         cynn            ríciu Again the descendant of Indo-European jo-stem type, known only in masculine and neuter. In

fact it is a subbranch of o-stems, complicated by the i before the ending: like Latin lupus and filius. Examples of this type: masculine - wecg (a wedge), bócere (a scholar), fiscere (a fisher); neuter - net, bed, wíte (a punishment). wa-stems                Singular                                Plural       Masc.        Neut.                   

Masc.         Neut. N  bearu (wood)  bealu (evil)   bearwas      bealu (-o) G  bearwes           bealwes      bearwa        bealwa D  bearwe            bealwe        bearwum     bealwum A  bearu (-o)        bealu (-o)    bearwas      bealu (-o) Just to mention. This is one more peculiarity of good old a-stems with the touch of w in declension. Interesting that the majority of this kind of