The History Of Eastern Europe Essay Research — страница 3

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“black death” ran rampant throughout this time period. It originated in small woodland animals from Northeast Asia. Later the disease ran its course and began to die off. The small pox vaccine was discovered adn the disease tapered off. Employment The population was continuing to grow and eventually became a problem. The Putting-out system was a way of letting people work in industry while staying at home. This allowed employers to focus more on the product and not having to constantly worry about the employees. Merchantalism meant that the people did not import from outside countries but rather they focused all their attention to exporting and making money from foreign countries. Adam Smith said that the governemnt should back off and let the people decide what should be

made and exported. This allowed for the government to make less mistakes in deciding what the best export would be. The End of World War I After the Germans had decidedly defeated the Russians in World War One they successfully moved their troops over to the western front of Germany to fight the French and British. The Germans made some very impressive advances into the western front on in to France and Belgium. However, the Germans had a hard time getting reinforcements and supplies to the front line seeing as how they had to travel across the previously defeated enemy territory known as nomad’s land. The other side, France, had well-developed roads and railroad to help transport their war needs. Later on in the war the Germans forces tapered off and began to die as the

American Army finally decided to join in on the war. With newly replenished troops on a monthly basis, the allied forces were able to begin pushing Germany back to where it came from. By late summer of 1918 Germany was pushed back significantly, and they decided that they had ultimately lost the war. Now the Germans needed to make peace and make peace fast. The allied forces would soon topple Germany over its own border and Germany would have no room with which to negotiate. A revolution broke out in Germany and the former Kaiser was overthrown. A new democratic government formed and they made peace with the allies promptly. However, peace put a large handicap on the democrats of Germany. The right Winged conservatives exclaimed to all that Germany had won the war based on the

current territorial map of Germany. It did in fact look as though they won, they did have more land than what they started with. But, the conservatives also went on to say it was the fault of the democrats in Germany that the German army was being forced to stop fighting and discontinue territorial gain. The people chose to believe this fairy tale and went on with shady feelings toward the democracy of Germany. In November 1918, a cease-fire was issued called the Armistice that required all sides to stop fighting. It also required that Germany give up most of its weapons in order to make sure that they did not start the war again without any notice. After negotiations, the Treaty of Versailles was written and put Germany in some very tough situations. It required that Germany pay

a very high rate of repartitions so that it would indefinitely be economically crippled. It also took away some territory from eastern Germany that split the country in two. Also, Germany was not allowed to have an Airforce, submarines, battle ships tanks or large amounts of infantry. With these hindrances and a new policy on peace the League of Nations was born. Imperialism AFRICA Some European powers grew so strong that they could spread their influence across many nations. In the 19th century Western Europe spread wildly into Africa and Asia (India). There were only two countries in Africa that escaped the colonization of Europeans.One was Libya. It was home to many black Americans that were ancestors of the first slaves brought over by American ships, which were sent back to

the coast of Africa. The other was Ethiopia. It simply was too hard to conquer due to its location in the highest mountains of Africa. There was not often serious resistance to the colonization by the Europeans. However there was a group of Africans who was very difficult to colonize. They were known as the Boers or Afrikaners. They were Dutch settlers who had blended in with the society but stayed in close contact with European ideas of politics and technology. With the technology of modern Europe the Boers stood a very good chance at preventing the Europeans from colonizing. However, the wealth of the gold and diamond mines in the area they lived kept the moral and spirits of the Europeans high, which was enough to lead them to victory ver the Boers. This was known as the Boer