The History of Alaska (история Аляски) — страница 5

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Princess Sophia sunk near Juneau, killing 463 people, about 10% of the Yukon's white population. - In 1919, the Yukon finally allowed women to vote in Territorial elections. Manitoba had been the first province to enfranchise women. July 10 - In 1919, Louis Beauvette staked the first silver claim at Keno Hill, in the central Yukon; by 1930 this district was producing 14% of all the silver mined in Canada. enfranchisement was passed in May 1918. July 15 - In 1923, the Alaska Railroad was completed, following 8 years of construction. February 24 - In 1924, Carl Ben Eielson made Alaska's first Air Mail flight. June 3 - In 1942, a large carrier-based Japanese force attacked Dutch Harbour. June 7 - In 1942, the Japanese landed almost 2,500 troops on the Aleutian islands of Attu and

Kiska. It took a huge Allied force until August 15, 1943 to regain control. September 24 - In 1942, the Alaska Highway opened at Contact Creek, 305 miles north of Fort Nelson, B.C. February 22 - In 1951, after 3 years of rumours, the federal government approved moving the capital of the Yukon from Dawson City to Whitehorse. A new Federal Building was constructed in 1952, and the Territorial Council chambers were moved the following year, with the first meeting held in Whitehorse in April. - In 1951, the Alaska Highway was turned over to Canada, in a ceremony at Whitehorse. January 3 - In 1959, Alaska became the 49th State. March 27 - In 1964, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.4 on the Richter scale hits the Anchorage area, killing 115 people and destroying hundreds of homes.

November 6 - In 1967, Jean Gordon, the Yukon's first female member of the Territorial Council, takes her seat. - In 1968, the oil riches of Alaska's North Slope, first reported almost 100 years ago, were confirmed by a drilling program at Prudhoe Bay. The following year, a total of $990,220,590 was bid in a one-day lease sale of those properties. January 23 - In 1971, the temperature at Prospect Creek, Alaska, dropped to 80 degrees below zero, the lowest temperature ever recorded in the United States. December 18 - In 1971, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act (ANCSA) was signed into law by the President. Among the major provisions were the transfer of title to 40 million acres of land to native corporations, and a cash payment of $962.5 million. February 14 - In 1973, the

Yukon Native Brotherhood presented a Statement of Claim to the federal government, stating their position on land claims, self- government and other issues which had been published in January in "Together Today For Our Children Tomorrow". - In 1975, the first section of pipe for the Trans-Alaska Pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez was laid. By August, 21,600 people were working on the project. The first oil was put through the 800-mile line on June 20, 1977. February 3 - In 1988, PL 100-241, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act Amendments, was signed by President Regan. The amendments gave more flexibility to the corporations managing Settlement lands. March 24 - In 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez went aground on Bligh Reef, pouring almost 11 million gallons of oil

into Prince William Sound. May 29 - In 1993, the Umbrella Final Agreement is signed by representatives of the Council for Yukon Indians and the Yukon and federal governments, establishing the basic format for all 14 Yukon First Nations land claims agreements. Conclusion. Summing up to the aforesaid, it would be desirable to emphasize, that Alaska is a crossroads of a sea, air truck transport between Northern America, Asia and the Europe, that’s why Alaska is one of the most perspective states of USA by way of development of economy and tourism. The variety of riches of culture, an abundance of national parks attracts tourists from the world. The considerable contribution to development of Alaska was brought by Russian empire. The general past, the general cultural wealth is

what unites Russia and Alaska and today. The list of literature. 1. Джеймс Микэнер «Аляска». 2. Боб Черрай «Дух Ворона». 3. Marcia Simpson «Rogue's Yarn», «Crow in Stolen Colors», «Sound Tracks». 4. Gore Vidal «Williwaw». 5. Borneman «The Native People of Alaska» 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.