The Heavy Price Of Globalization Essay Research

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The Heavy Price Of Globalization Essay, Research Paper The Heavy Price of Globalization We all know that “Made in the USA” is basically none existent, nowadays. Our clothes come from China and other parts of the Far East. Our primary goods, such as fruit, come from many parts of Latin America. And Japanese corporations make half of our cars. Our US firms are heavily involved in foreign commerce, both by lending money abroad and owning firms in foreign countries. In the early 1990’s US profits from foreign investment was more than thirty (30) percent, while domestic profits fell. That was up from thirteen (13) percent in the 1960’s. The US export of goods and services rose from five (5) percent to ten (10) percent, between 1965 and 1990. The contributing factor for all

of this activity is what we call globalization. So why does this exist and who pays for this globalization? First lets explore why these practices exist. Why do we involve ourselves in trade? The primary reason why countries trade is the comparative advantage phenomenon. Comparative advantage is simply one country would produce a product in which it is most efficient in and trade with another country for the thing(s) that it gave up. With this everyone is supposingly happy, but is that the case? Another inciting reason trade is occurring is because of free trade. Free trade is suppose to lower prices and ensure job security. However, it has created dislocation in specific domestic industries and unemployment. This is because free trade causes consumers to purchase cheaper foreign

goods instead of domestic goods. Free international trade also stifles technological development. “When firms can profit from using low-wage foreign labor, they are less likely to develop new, more efficient technologies for production at home.” Governments do not help the cause because when it commits itself to free trade, it does not take the necessary measures needed to preserve or nurture general technological developments. The reason why most governments do not step in is because the strong hand within its economy may be corporations that benefit plentiful from free trade and irritating or making this corporations feel threatened, could cause movement of these companies to other countries. This all affects long term growth because it prevents governments from exercising

its ability to provide economic stability. One of the major contributors to free trade has been the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). It should be recognized that GATT no longer “exists,” which in fact it never did if by that one means, some recognized international administrative agency. It was what it says it was, i.e., an “Agreement,” not recognized under international law as an institution such as the United Nations. So what is GATT exactly. GATT is the World Trade Organization (WTO) predecessor, which was founded in 1948. It was established on a provisional basis after the Second World War in the wake of other new multilateral institutions dedicated to international economic cooperation – notably the “Bretton Woods” institutions now known as the

World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The original 23 GATT countries, which included the US, were among over 50 which agreed a draft Charter for an International Trade Organization (ITO)- a new specialized agency of the United Nations. The Charter was intended to provide not only world trade disciplines but also contained rules relating to employment, commodity agreements, restrictive business practices, international investment and services. This first round of negotiations under GATT resulted in 45,000 tariff concessions affecting $10 billion – or about one-fifth – of world trade. Although, in its 47 years, the basic legal text of the GATT remained much as it was in 1948, there were additions in the form of voluntary membership, agreements and continual efforts to