The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon Essay Research

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The Hanging Gardens Of Babylon Essay, Research Paper The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are one of the most controversial wonders of the world, simply because their existence can not be proved or denied. Many early historians talked about the Gardens, many did not. They today would lay inside of the great nation of Iraq, so archeological research is rather difficult for obvious reasons, the site is said to be 50 miles south of present day Baghdad. Their existence will probably never be proven or denied. In fact, all we know about the Gardens is based on myths, so neither I nor anyone can be truly right when talking about them. Legend has it that the Gardens were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II to please his favorite wife named Amytis. Amytis was lonely for her fertile homeland of

Media, and the king built the Gardens to alleviate her homesickness. There is another story about the creation of the Gardens, this story says that the Gardens were built by Assyrian Queen Semiramis during her five year reign starting in 810 BC, but this story is pretty much forgotten. The lands of Babylon were flat and desert like, not a mountain for hundreds of miles, and completely lacking of vegetation. The Hanging Gardens were a green mountain of life rising from the barren desert. The actual appearance of the Gardens is much disputed as well. Berossus, a Babylonian priest of about 200 BC described the Gardens as a brick terrace about 400ft square and around 75ft above the ground. Diodorus Siculus, a Greek historian states the measurements of the Gardens to be at about 400

by 400ft and over 80ft tall. Oddly enough, tablets from the time of Nebuchadnezzar never mention the Gardens. In fact, the Babylonians never really commented on the Gardens, all of that work was left up to the Greeks, suck as Strabo and Philo. Modern historians now say that when Alexander?s soldiers reached Mesopotamia that they brought back stories of Babylon?s greatness. They told stories of the Gardens and palm trees, of Nebuchadnezzar?s palace, of the Tower of Babel and the Ziggurats, and of the city walls. These stories were circulated around, and through the imagination of poets and scribes, the story, or even the story of the existence of one of the wonders of the world came to be. Almost everyone that wrote about the Gardens can not lay claim to ever seeing them. The city

of Babylon (gate of god) has a pretty interesting history it?s self. All that remains of a city that was once the largest in the world is a large area of ruins on the East bank of the Euphrates river. It was the capital of Babylonia in the second and first melennia BC. It profited greatly because of the fact that it was the hub of over land trade routes between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean sea. Babylon was first mentioned in documents dating to the third millennium BC. At around 2200 BC it was the site of a temple, and controlled by the nearby city of Ur. By 1894 BC, Babylon was an independent city state, when the Amorite Sumu-abum founded their dynasty there. This dynasty reached its climax under Hammurabi, but in 1595 BC the city was over taken by Hittites, and with

that it became subject to the Kassite dynasty, which lasted from 1590-1155 BC. The Kassites took over all of southern Mesopotamia, and made Babylon the capital of Babylonia, making it the administrative center for a large kingdom. Later, around the 12th century BC it became a religious center when its chief god, Marduk was elevated to the top of the Mesopotamian pantheon. The Kassite dynasty collapsed under pressure from the Elamites off to the east, after that Babylon was governed by several short-lived dynasties. Nabopolassar founded the Neo-babylonian dynasty, which his son Nebuchadnezzar II enlarged until his empire covered much of southwest Asia. Babylon was refurbished with new temples and palace buildings, disgustingly large walls, and the Hanging Gardens. At this point in