The Greek Civilization And Han Essay Research

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The Greek Civilization And Han Essay, Research Paper The Greek Civilization and the Han Dynasty are great civilizations in history. Their existence in time have been contributed through their strong leaders, unique style of government, and the people that build the empires to the greatness of that day. The attributes allowed the civilizations to become prosperous, and are alike in many ways. Both civilizations depended on the leadership of extraordinary men such as Alexander the Great and Lui Bang in order to achieve the recognition that is given to Greece and China today. Without these men, the two empires would not have been able to experience the period of prosperity and peace. The Greek Civilization was able to produce Alexander the Great, a man with a legacy so

remarkable that it has challenged the minds of men ever since. Alexander the great was able to unite city-states throughout that of Greece. His leadership expanded the territory and allowed each city-state to retain their uniqueness, yet they were also united culturally. They were able to do this by adopting the language of the Greeks as the official language for all. Through his conquests, Alexander the Great was able to control all of the Greek sity-states stretching his rule to Asia Minor.-1 The Chinese were blessed with that of the policeman Lui Bang. Lui Bang led the civilization through a prosperous time, by expanding its boundaries for a period of 426 years. His rule became known as the Han Dynasty. Lui Bang led the Chinese in a time known as the golden age of Chinese

philosophy. Bang lowered the taxes, and protected peasants from former nobles trying to retrieve the lands that they lost. Lui Bang was able to bring forth the trust in his followers Because they believed him due to his rise from a peasant to a king.-2 1- Green, Peter. Alexander the Macedon. Chicago: New Haven Press, 1981. 2- Cotterell, Anton. A Cutural History: China. New York: Library of Congress, 1988. Both civilizations formed a system of government that allowed them to cope with their surroundings and keep the citizens pleased. Ancient Greece approached their government through the formation of city-states.-3 Since the land was very mountainous, city-states were separated from each other, and it very difficult to travel from one to another. Since city-states were separated

from each other, each had its own government. When city-states were first formed, they were ruled by a few wealthy men. However, these city-states began to move forward to that of a democracy. Democracy is a form of government which is ruled by the people. In a democracy, the people vote on who they want to be their leaders. In Athens, the people were divided into three groups: 1. Upper class – male citizens of Athens since birth 2. Middle class – males who were not born in Athens 3. Lower class – slaves The classes allowed the people to put their lives in their own hands and alleviated from having on section with too much power.-4 The Han Dynasty under Lui Bang relaxed the highly centralized government. Lui Bang laid the foundation to the return of feudalism. In this form

of government, the land was divided between minor lords and was worked by tenant farmers in exchange for rent 2-Coterell, 98 . Liu Bang’s government was also of authoritarian rule. Democracy was out of the question in China. For Liu good government was a strong government — one that could maintain adequate submission. He wanted centralized management of his empire, and for this he needed an army of civil servants. 3-Lloyd Jones, Hugh. The Greeks. Cleveland: World Publishing Co., 1962. 4-Bowra, CM. Classical Greece. New York: Time Life Books, 196 For reliable control over the vastness of his empire he installed his brothers, uncles and cousins as regional princes.-5 Although the strengthening of the central government essentially did away with feudalism for a time, one of the