The Globe Theater Essay Research Paper globe

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The Globe Theater Essay, Research Paper globe theatere The origins of the first Globe have many interesting details that make up its history. London developed a demand for entertainment and theaters. Europeans took the chance and began to build them. In 1576 the first successful theater was in operation in London. This building was simply called “The Theater,” which was owned by James Burbage and John Brayne. Twenty years later in 1596 the lease was about to expire. Their landlord was giving them an unfair lease that would make them go bankrupt. A few years later in 1598 Lord Chamberlain’s Men, a theater troupe, decided to build themselves a playhouse of their own. They were also short on cash so they thought it would be most cost effective to use the previous timbers

from The Theater and therefore the same design. They couldn’t use it on the land it was on, so they took the materials illegally to make the Globe. At 12:00 at night, on January 20, they shipped the wood over the river to Bankside. In 1599, Shakespeare bought 12.5% of the shares in the Globe during the same year the Globe was quickly completed. William Shakespeare is the person usually associated with the Globe but many other people contribute to its history. James Burbage was a stockholder and an actor with Lord Chamberlain’s Men, a theater company in London. His two sons Cuthbert and Richard, each received 25% of the shares in the Globe from their father and the other 50% was distributed to five other members of the troupe. This company was called Lord Chamberlain’s Men

after a patron of the acting company. In May of 1603, King James I came to see their plays and the troupe then changed their name to The King’s Men. These people and groups became the living part of the Globe Theater. The next few years held some of the biggest events in the Globe ’s history. In 1611 Shakespeare sold his shares to the troupe because he was ready to retire. Then on June 29, 1613, during a performance of Henry the VII, a wad of flaming debris was fired from a stage cannon and landed on the thatched roof of the third floor. It took two hours to burn down and no one died. Of course the theater was totally demolished except for the foundation. In a matter of a few years, this theater rose and then fell in one event. The King’s Men, as they were then called, were

left to pick themselves up and continue. Fortunately, in August of 1608 they had build an indoor theater called Blackfriars, which they quickly transferred to and began making better profits than ever. This was because of having high priced seats in their smaller theater. Then they decided that it was important to rebuild the Globe Theater because of tradition. It was rumored that King James and other noble men helped the troupe with the cost of rebuilding. The replacement was completed in 1614 using the same basic design as the previous version. The second Globe was built with more room for costumes and props. It also had more structural integrity so the pillars in the stage were removed. The Globe held performances for many more years until 1642. At that time the Puritans

closed it. Two years later it was pulled down to build tenements and no one had kept complete and accurate plans of the theater. The theater that housed great performances, such as Hamlet, Twelfth Night, and Timon of Athens, was lost under dirt and buildings. With time, the Globe and its design became only descriptions, inaccurate drawings, and pictures. The most accurate illustrations were made in 1647 as viewed from Southwark Cathedral and they were called “Long View of London.” Almost three centuries later, in 1945, a plan was made called the Abercrombie Plan, which included development of South Bank and reconstruction of the Globe with a Library. Then, in 1949, an interested Sam Wanamaker came to look for some remains of the Globe and he found nothing but a plaque on the