The Fate Of Hong Kong Essay Research

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The Fate Of Hong Kong Essay, Research Paper The Fate of Hong Kong Hong Kong is a British colony, …but not for long. Hong Kong will become the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China on July 1, 1997 when Britain’s lease is up. China promises not to change Hong Kong for at least fifty years, but this is not stopping Hong Kong residents from worrying about how their new life will be. The whole world is watching to find out …the fate of Hong Kong. Hong Kong previously was a small fishing community. Hong Kong was especially vulnerable to pirates as well as opium dealers. Britain, originally, acquired Hong Kong for use as a naval base during the Opium Wars, and because of its magnificent natural harbor, Victoria Harbour. After the first Opium War, Britain acquired

Hong Kong through the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842. The Treaty of Nanjing ended the first Opium War. In 1898, it was agreed that Great Britain would control all lands previously owned by China for 99 years. Many times, throughout the history of Hong Kong, Chinese would flee to Hong Kong in search of refuge. Since Hong Kong was a “free” land, the Chinese people felt safe there. Hong Kong is 98 percent Chinese with 5,800,000 Chinese people. Hong Kong also has 57,000 Filipinos, 60,000 British and Americans, and 30,000 Indians. Hong Kong is extremely dense with 13,976 people per square mile. Now more than 60,000 people emigrate from Hong Kong a year. The unit of currency in Hong Kong is the Hong Kong dollar. One U.S. is equal to 7.5853 Hong Kong dollars. The Hong Kong dollar is not

widely used. Because of the trading in Hong Kong many different currencies are used. The Hong Kong dollar, being used so rarely, would not be ideal for trading use. Hong Kong is a very important trading port for the world. Victoria Harbour is one of the largest and most active ports in the world. Hong Kong, as a trading port, is especially important for China. Since China is so near Hong Kong, both China’s imports and exports go through Hong Kong. Hong Kong is also an important trading port for Great Britain. Hong Kong’s imports are valued at 72.2 billion dollars. Hong Kong’s exports are valued at 73.1 billion dollars. This is very good for Hong Kong’s economy. Both China and Britain gain by having control of Hong Kong. Hong Kong is governed with guidance from London. The

people of Hong Kong are pleased with their government at the moment. The government is assisted by a fourteen member executive council. There is also a sixty member legislative council. Hong Kong also has a supreme court. The supreme court is divided into the Court of Appeal, and the High Court. In September of 1984, China and Great Britain reached an agreement. The agreement was reached in Hong Kong about the fate of Hong Kong. China and Great Britain agreed that on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong would become a Chinese colony. Hong Kong will be allowed to maintain its own legal, social, and economic affairs for at least fifty years. However, China would assume responsibility for Hong Kong’s foreign affairs and defense. The people of Hong Kong are now leaving. They are trying to get

away from Chinese rule. Many of them came to Hong Kong from China because of the Chinese government. The Chinese government will not change Hong Kong’s way of life for fifty years, or so they say. While Hong Kong will remain democratic for fifty years, their way of life will be changed dramatically. Many people think that Hong Kong will not be left for fifty years. They think that China will want to get a head-start on making Hong Kong more like China. Others feel that China will leave Hong Kong alone for fifty years, but after that …Hong Kong is in for a shock. Finally, a few people feel that China will leave Hong Kong for fifty years and after that adapt Hong Kong slowly. Britain is also expected to be greatly affected by the loss of Hong Kong. Since Britain is not near