The Evolution Fo Renaissance Art Essay Research — страница 2

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the forms they fall across. Painters also had to manipulate light and shade to obtain a more realistic look. Furthermore, manipulation of light and shadow is also apparent in architecture in the Tempietto. Besides painting devices, artists also had to study their material in order to acquire a realistic appearance. Leonardo da Vinci wrote that ?the painter will produce pictures of small merit if he takes for his standard the pictures of others, but if he will study from natural objects he will bear good fruit.? He also said that Giotto ?being born in the mountains and in solitude inhabited only by goats and such beasts, and being guided by nature to his art, began by drawing on rocks the movements of the goats which he was keeper.? If a painter wanted to paint the human form,

they would have to study human anatomy. These artistic techniques had to be formed in order to keep up with the growing evolution of art. As ideas and events shifted in the Renaissance, they became highly influential upon artwork. When life is calm and prosperous, life and religion is portrayed as friendly, virtuous, and noble. However when times are troubled, people think of death and this goes into their art. That is why during the Black Death in the 14th century, Giotto and his followers did not emphasize the humanity of saints and biblical characters. Instead, they placed figures such as Christ and the Virgin Mary on a pedestal above them, superior to mortal men. In time of need, the artists were looking toward religion to save them from distress. In 1380 the crisis ended and

artists turned back to realism, human emotions, and representational accuracy at the century?s close. Ideas like humanism and neoplatonic philosophy were also influential to the arts. Humanism greatly supported the arts because it emphasized people and man?s activities. It is one of the main reasons why the human body was so extensively studied. Accurate anatomy in art is essential to maintain the humanist mentality. Neoplatonic philosophy, which traces the evolution of man, goes hand in hand with humanism. This philosophy is best displayed by Michelangelo in the Laurentian Library. In this arch design, a flight of stairs swirls back on each side as though symbolizing the upward descent of man. The influence of ideas and events helped art grow and develop in the Renaissance. As

art grew and changed, artists? place in society changed with it. Most artists were known for their reputation. Leonardo da Vinci was known as a great artist and sculptor. Michelangelo was honored by placing the David on the porch of the town hall in Florence. David became a symbol not only of the Renaissance, but the Florentines? pride in their city. Raphael was associated with affection. He had the admiration of his fellow artists as a painter, and their love for him as a man. Raphael, known for his charm and kindness, could be considered the most universally popular artist. Bramante appointed him to become the next chief architect on St. Peter?s at his deathbed. All painters were looked well upon, even if they did not have a personality to match their skills. Benvenuto Cellini

was known to have a violent temper, be vengeful, make many enemies, be involved in brawls and murders, and flee from the law. Nevertheless, because he was a good artist, he was often excused for his bad behavior. Pope Paul III said that ?Men like Benvenuto, unique in their profession, stand above the law.? Therefore, as art evolved and became more significant to society, artists were looked upon favorably and their positions changed. In conclusion, the Renaissance was a period of great development and change, especially in the arts. Art was brought to another level by new techniques, influences, subjects, and the artists. Art became a thing of great admiration. As Paul Gauguin once said, “In art, all who have done something other than their predecessors have merited the epithet

of revolutionary; and it is they alone who are masters.” It is these masters in the Renaissance that revolutionized the meaning of art. Bibliography None, sorry this was a textbook essay!