The Evolution Fo Renaissance Art Essay Research

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The Evolution Fo Renaissance Art Essay, Research Paper The Renaissance was an era of beautiful artwork and structures that flourished all over Western Europe. The artists began to be more expressive and creative in their designs. Art evolved by way of subject matter, technique, influences, and of course the artists. Some of the most noted artists, architects, and sculptors of the High Renaissance include Giotto, Donato Bramante, Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael. It was one of the high points of humanism and the expression of creativity and beauty of life. During the period between 1350 to 1550, art changed and evolved through its subject matter. The subject matter of painting before the Renaissance was primarily religious; it was concerned not with the

naturalistic portrayal of human life, but with the purpose of provoking a religious reaction of the viewer. Painters were not interested in making a picture look realistic. During the Renaissance, all that changed. Suddenly artwork began to put emphasis on human beings and the environment. Giotto was one of the first masters to put these ideas on canvas. He turned away from the symbolic art of the Middle Ages and went more towards art that dealed directly with people and things. People were painted as to mimic social situations, and settings were painted in attempt to look real. Giotto along with Michelangelo helped catalyze this movement in which Italian artists moved from the unrealistic and symbolic art of the Middle Ages to a mastery of illusion. Art began to give the

impression that it was an accurate representation of real life. As time moved on, figures began to look more realistic. For example, Giotto?s work looks much more realistic than earlier art, but when compared to Raphael?s two hundred years later, it is hardly representative. Although there was an intense drive toward realism, artists did not want to make a copy of nature. They began to play around with perspective and manipulate what they actually saw. Reality was contorted to give figures an inner expressiveness. The earlier masters were able to convey emotions, but this practice became more advanced in the Renaissance. There was a broader range of personality and artists like Leonardo Da Vinci found new ways to show human feelings. The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa best

illustrate Da Vinci?s mastery of human depth. They both portray great psychological depth and a sense of inner life. Much of the subject matter of Renaissance artists continued to be religious. As with the Middle Ages, there was a consistent infatuation with Christianity and biblical scenes. However, one thing that did change was the use of symbols. Medieval art persistently used symbols to comment on or explain the meaning of a painting. In Renaissance painting, symbols were used more accurately and more often because of the painters? ability to copy nature correctly. Human beings were also portrayed more commonly and anatomy was constructed more precisely. In short, subject matter of art in the Renaissance became much more advanced and realistic. In order to evolve

artistically, artists in the Renaissance had to use new and more advanced techniques. Some of these methods were based on mathematics like perspective and geometric arrangements. The 15th century underwent intense technical development, which allowed artists to take advantage of sciences and technology. Leonardo da Vinci was the first Renaissance painter to master the use of mechanical perspective. This element guides the painter in drawing the relative size of objects correctly. Also in use was aerial perspective, which uses progressively paler colors on receding objects to obtain a sense of depth. Another effect was sfumato, a blurring or hazing of the outline of an object to blend it into its surroundings. Along with chiaroscuro, a way of painting shadows to give definition to