The Elements Of Haiku Poetry Essay Research

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The Elements Of Haiku Poetry Essay, Research Paper Haiku poetry has been around for many years. It started in Japan and has gone worldwide since. Its simple form makes it interesting to the people who write and read it. Even though haiku poetry is one of, if not the smallest form of poetry, there is a long history behind it and many elements, such as structure, topic, ?haiku moment,? season word, imagery, and suggestiveness, that have to be considered when writing haiku. Haiku poetry appeared in the sixteenth century. It was mostly centered in Japan. There were two main reasons that people wrote haiku. It was a way for people to express their thoughts, and to rise above the limitations imposed by the usual language and thought that treats everything as machines. Most haiku is

written in plain, everyday, language. (Lewis) Haiku developed from a different form of poetry called tanka, which dates all the way back to early Japanese history. Tanka is a five-lined verse. After haiku was created, it was usually seen as the hokku of a renga. A hokku is the first line in a renga and a renga is a long series of poems. The development of haiku was never influenced at all by the west or China. The word haiku actually means game verse. This form of poetry is sometimes called hokku of kaikai, but these names are considered to be incorrect. Most haiku poets begin to write haiku when they are very young. They start early because children are less likely to worry about doing things right from the start. Since grammar and vocabulary are not necessarily important in

haiku, the children who write them don?t have to know every word in the world to make them sound good. The most famous of all haiku poets is Matsuo Basho. Basho lived from 1644 to 1944. He lived during the time of the English writers John Milton and John Bunyan. In the world of haiku poetry, there are many elements that are important and need to be considered. Of the many elements, there are six very important ones: structure, topic, ?haiku moment,? season word, imagery, and suggestiveness. The first element, and the easiest element to see in the poem, is the structure of the haiku. A haiku is a three-line stanza. It is composed of seventeen syllables and does not rhyme. The basic pattern of haiku poetry is five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables. The form of tanka, the

poetry from which haiku actually developed, is in a pattern of five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables, seven syllables, five syllables. The second of six elements is the topic that haiku discusses. Although the poem is very short and concise, the topic is generally not all that difficult to understand. The topic usually discusses nature, color, sensation, impression, or the drama of a specific fact of native. The third element of haiku poetry is the ?haiku moment.? The ?haiku moment? is the part of the poem that makes it seem like a photograph of whatever it is describing. A simple photo describes a setting or a scene. The description causes an emotional response in its viewer. There is not a caption on the picture that tells us what the emotional response is that we are

supposed to get from looking at it. Instead it is a simple moment in time left to be interpreted however the viewer sees it. (Source #7,pp1) ?the primary purpose of reading and writing haiku is sharing moments of our lives that have moved us, pieces of perception that we offer or receive as gifts. At the deepest level, this is one great purpose of all art, and especially literature.? This quote by Bill Higginson says that haiku is meant to share individual moments of our lives with other people, and that the haiku moment is one way of doing this. The fourth element of haiku is the season word. A season word exists in every haiku. The word is meant to help the reader to interpret the haiku and its meaning. The word is also used to help describe the setting of the scene and also