The Egyptian Deities Essay Research Paper The — страница 10

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distance.” Therefore, it may be that foreign merchants and seamen living in the merchant s quarters of port-cities likewise handled overseas trade in the 14th century BC. Furthermore it stands to reason that, in these quarters, members of various ethnicities organized and financed trade expeditions that did and did not involve royal participation, as in other times and places. Within this framework one may explain why personal items on a ship like the one wrecked at Uluburun have various cultural affinities. To the Late Bronze Age city ruler, the merchants’ quarter was, as the sea was, boundary and gateway to the outside world. There is a final, grim lesson one can take from the shipwreck at Uluburun, namely that the wreck, itself, is a metaphor for the social collapse that

was on the horizon. Not long after 1200 BC the rich urban culture around the eastern Mediterranean came to a violent end. Almost all of the Late Bronze Age palaces known from excavations were put to the torch, and later resettled by less ostentatious dwellers. The end of the Bronze Age may well have had its roots in class struggle and incompatibility of values of early capitalism and those of the agrarian majority. Like the Uluburun ship that was heavily loaded with the richest luxuries available at the time, it is possible that a top-heavy society, unable to satisfy a sufficient proportion of its members, collapsed under its own weight. * * * * * Joyous we too launch out on trackless seas, fearless for unknown shores. —Whitman, Passage to India Bibliography Oldest Known

Shipwreck George Bass, National Geographic 1987 Microsoft Encarta CD World Book Encyclopaedia CD Encyclopaedia Brittanica CD