The Effects Of Lucid Dreaming On The — страница 3

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group yielded a positive outcome from the lucid dream training as treatment for their recurrent nightmares. The alleviation of frequent nightmares in these three cases parallels the results reported by other authors who have used lucid dreaming to treat nightmares. (Zandra & Pihl, 1997). Although the control group was not given the benefit of lucid dream training, the participants did make some positive strides in dealing with their nightmares through psychotherapy. The results of our study support the idea that treatments based on lucid dream induction can be of therapeutic value. Even in the three cases where lucid dreaming was not applied, the subjects clearly made some improvement. This eighteen week period reported,” covering 24 sessions of psychotherapy, was helpful

by: “(Brylowski, 1990) (1) lowering dream anxiety in the crisis period thereby helping to create hope and faith for a resolution of their crisis state. (2) re-establishing a relatively stable lifestyle. (3) identifying a number of core psychological issues that needed further attention. (4) reinforcing use of rationalization, intellectualization, and cognition through the approach used in the dream work. (5) developing the capacity to master reactions to intrapsychic conflicts. (6) demonstrating experientially that cognition’s con sometimes affect emotional arousal. (7) enhancing therapeutic rapport to maintain motivation for staying in therapy. ” The overall effect was to prepare the patient for a more dynamically -oriented psychotherapy where” (Brylowski, 1990, p.82)

they could begin to work through other life stressors and understand their effect on current behavior, “with the goal of furthering continued personal growth” (Brylowski, 1990, p.82). Discussion We began researching this topic to come to a particular conclusion that lucid dream training can be beneficial in the treatment of frequent and severe nightmares. Our study has yielded positive results. ” Approximately 5-7% of adults report a current problem with nightmares…more recent studies indicate that the prevalence may be considerably higher(Zadra & Pihl, 1997, p. 50) “Though the prevalence of recurrent nightmares has not been specifically investigated, thier occurence has been documented in a variety of individuals including otherwise normal clients, victims of

sexual assault or abuse, psychosomatic patients, and war veterans” (Zadra & Pihl, 1997, p. 50). These statistics provide us with a wide array of individuals which may benefit from lucid dream induction. As discussed by Tholey(1988), the ability to become lucid in one’s anxiety dreams can lead to important insights for both the client and the therapist. “Dream lucidity can give rise to positive psychological elements which carry over into waking life”(Zadra & Pihl, 1997, p.54). ” The direct, cognitive, goal-oriented approach to the patient’s dream life served many direct and indirect functions:” (Brylowski 1990, p.83) 1.) directly affected in a brief period of time was the frequency and intensity of nightmares, through the introduction of lucidity and the

adaptive behavior of the dream ego which it made possible, 2.) Socratic questioning, assumption testing, self-reflection (all initially learned for application to the dream life) had applicability in waking life. This study has yielded positive results in the favor of our hypothesis. Lucid dreaming techniques applied as treatment for frequent and severe nightmares has considerably helped the three cases noted above. It still remains unclear whether the effects of lucid dreaming alone is the primary factor for alleviation of the nightmares being that so many other intrinsic and extrinsic factors exist within the lives of the participants. “Nonspecific factors such as disclosure, placebo effects, and exposure to the nightmares in the waking state may contribute to observed

reductions in nightmare frequency and associated distress” (Kellner, 1992, p.661). “Furthermore, there is some evidence to indicate that simply recording one’s nightmares can lead to a decrease in nightmare frequency”(Zadra & Pihl, 1997, p.54) References Abramovitch, H. The nightmare of returning home: A case of acute onset nightmare disorder treated by lucid dreaming. The Isreal Journal of Psychiatry & Related Sciences. 1995;32(2):140-145. Brylowski, A. Nightmares in crisis: Clinical applications of lucid dreaming techniques. Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa.1990;15(2):79-84. Kellner, R. Neidhardt, J. Krakow, B. Pathak, D. Changes in chronic nightmares after one session of desensitization or rehearsal instructions. American Journal of Psychiatry