The Effects Of Exercise Is It For — страница 3

  • Просмотров 348
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 18

relatively constant throughout the day. Changes in blood sugar are associated with psychological disturbances. If their blood sugar decreases they may experience disturbances in memory, make incorrect decisions, become irritable and get tension headaches. Throughout the average workday people expend a great deal of energy, M Wing 6 toward the end of the day their blood sugar may drop and they may become less efficient in their job. If they are physically fit, however, they are able to perform more work and because their blood sugar is kept at a constant level, they are able to stay clear headed, mentally alert and make correct decisions (Tomporowski 92) Success through exercise is transferable to other situations, like work. Because of their long-term effects of exercise people

feel more successful, more worthwhile, more productive and this makes them feel good about their job. Becoming physically fit may make them realize that they can achieve something entirely by themselves without being forced to do it. This attitude may lead to their success in other areas. There are psychological case studies that point out that people have changed their entire lifestyles through exercise. (Tomporowski 92-4) A number of psychological changes occur when people confront a challenge and overcome it. Sticking to an exercise program will give them a sense of accomplishment; boost their self-esteem, their self-control. These states of mind are associated with the production and release of endorphins, which modulate pain and mood. By exercising, their circulation is

increased and the availability of glucose to the brain is multiplied. (Pavlou, Constantin and Zak 142) Exercise can improve a person’s sense of well-being. As they exercise, their body changes, fat deposits decrease. There is an increased definition of muscles and their body becomes shapelier and more attractive. Their body image will change depending on how they respond to the people around them. (Tomporowski 90) Fifty to seventy five percent of all organic illnesses are either aggravated by or related to stress and emotions. Exercise acts as a natural tranquilizer to calm a persons system, comfort stress and relieve depression and anxiety. It’s been found to reduce heart rate and lower blood pressure while stimulating mental capabilities. Exercise is also an important

stress reliever when used as a behavior substitute for compulsive eating. (Pavlou, Constantin and Zak 142) M Wing 7 Before engaging in strenuous exercise they should properly warm up their muscles. It is possible their body will naturally stretch correctly if they are careful about starting their workout slowly, but because stretching greatly reduces the risk of injury, it is worth taking a few extra minutes of their time. Gradual stretching will slowly and gently prepare the joints for the full range of motion while the muscles elongate and relax. The best stretch is a mild one that doesn’t overtax their muscles that haven’t yet warmed up. They shouldn’t overstretch their muscles before they are warmed up. or they may invite “stretch reflex” an automatic natural

response in which their muscles will contract to protect their body from overstretching. If people stretch their muscles on a regular basis they will find themselves becoming more flexible with time. They should also stretch after they exercise as well as before for the maximum benefits. According to the above information the question is not should you exercise, but how much (frequency) and what type of exercise should you participate in? Almost everyone can benefit from some kind of exercise if they are warmed up properly and they move in small incremental steps and don’t do too much at once. The best type of exercise program for losing body fat involves aerobic exercises, those that utilize the oxygen energy system. This type of exercise program is also the one that conveys

the most significant health benefits. Frequency of exercise refers to how often each week one participates. As would appear obvious, the more often a person exercises, the greater the total weekly caloric expenditure and health benefits. In general, three to four times per week would be satisfactory, however a daily exercise program is recommended. (Williams 367-8) Recommended that is for the average healthy person or those who have been cleared by their doctor to exercise. and again don’t overdo it in the beginning take it slow and easy. Start out with maybe walking a little and build up from there. In other words don’t start out from being M Wing 8 sedentary and going straight to running a mile all at once build up to it or you can make a good thing something to regret and