The Effectiveness Of The Mig Fighter Jet

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The Effectiveness Of The Mig Fighter Jet In The Korean War Essay, Research Paper War! That word is a scary word for a lot of people. Back in 1950 that word was especially scary for the people of Korea, when war broke out. This war was to last for three years. Three years of bombings, hand-to-hand combat and misery. In some cases, however, the soldiers were the safest people of all of them. Especially, if you were one of the lucky few who got to be pilots. Whether you were a pilot for Russia flying their new top-notch MIG-15, or were flying the US?, also new and top-notch, Sabre fighter jet, in the air was obviously the best place to be in times of trouble. Or was it? In the Korean War there were two main air forces, the US and Russia. Each air force brought its share of

strengths and weaknesses. This essay will discuss the effectiveness of the Russian built MIG-15 vs. the US built Sabre fighter jet in the Korean War. This also includes any updated models of the MIG or the Sabre which may have battled against each other in the Korean War. I will be comparing training, number of fighter jets shot down on both sides of the war, range, speed, maximum altitude, thrust, armor, weaponry, and electronic controls or lack there of. I will also be looking the number of people lost. From the beginning of the war the US was forbidden to cross the Yalu River. This river divided North Korea from China. Therefore the US? primary targets became the bridges over the Yalu. By trying to take out these bridges the US was going to disable the supply routes and

transportation routes of the Russians. Russian pilots had a major disadvantage to US pilots which was combat training experience. Battles over MIG-Alley had taught the Communist air staffs that a drastic re-working of the way Russian pilots are trained, must take place. After a few short months of combat, versus the Sabres, MIG pilots learned that they fell far short of the necessary skills that would allow them to destroy a Sabre. The Russians? first step in stepping-up their training methods came with the introduction of a new jet in which to train in. Previously, the Soviet army had been training in the U-YAK-15, the prefix “U” denoting its training role, Uchebny. This trainer jet was developed by the US for use as a beginner trainer. US pilots would then step up to the

YAK-18 and then to the YAK-11, which is most like the actual jets they would be fighting in. US fighters receive between 250 and 300 hours of training in these aircraft before going into real combat. Soviet fighters, however, receive less than 100 hours flying time on the least powerful U-YAK-15. Now, however, the Russians have developed a new training jet, the U-MIG-15, that comes far closer to the actual capabilities of the MIG-15. The U-MIG-15 is built as a dual-control tandem two seater that allows the trainee to learn more rapidly and thoroughly through the observation of actual combat tactics; and his instructor can coach him in actual problems he will encounter in high-speed combat. Comparisons between the standards of training in one air force and another are often

misleading, but the Korean war has obviously taught the Soviet air staff the need for a much higher standard of training among its flying personnel. Training is not the MIGs only problem. The once highly acclaimed and feared Russian MIG is starting to lose its glory to the ever growing US air force. The US has forged ahead in engine design, equipment options and skill level of their aircraft. As of March 1953, the ratio of MIGs downed to Sabres downed was 13 to 1. An astonishing number considering the MIG was a more powerful jet. However, power is not the only factor that plays into the role of a good aircraft. The MIG was poorly equipped. It had poor guns and gun-sights, a lack of armor and a huge lack of range. This combined with poor training spelled disaster for the MIG. When