The Effect Of The Supernatural Upon Events — страница 3

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heaven, their candles are all out? a heavy summons lies upon me, and yet I would not sleep.? (A. 2, S. 1, Ls. 5/6) The way this would seem to the Shakespearean audience is one they could connect with; they were believers in the supernatural (hence al the witch hunts at this time in history) and although they feared it, it was something they could understand if they were watching a play being performed on stage. It would seem ordinary to the people of this time to think that the weather was influenced by events on earth. As the play progresses we see Banquo getting more and more agitated and suspicious about Macbeth and the Witches? prophesies which affects the drama. Although Macbeth is his friend, and he doesn?t want to feel this way about one such as Macbeth, Banquo still can?t

hide his fears and nagging doubts about the King. He tries to talk to Macbeth just before the King?s murder to discuss the Witches, but they don?t have time and they never get a chance to again. Banquo does a small soliloquy as Macbeth is getting crowned, talking about his fears for Macbeth and how he got the kingship: ?I fear thou play?dst most foully for?t.? (A. 3, S. 1, L. 3) This shows how Macbeth isn?t fooling his old friend at all, and Macbeth knows this, even though he lies to Banquo repeatedly to continue the innocence routine. Macbeth sees Banquo and his son Fleance as obstacles that need to be gotten rid of; Banquo because of his suspicions and Fleance because he?s Banquo?s son and Banquo?s children were predicted to take the throne from Macbeth. As a solution to the

problem, Macbeth hires murderers to get rid of father and son. This shows the depravity of Macbeth; not only was he willing to kill a King to get the crown, but he?s willing to kill one of his oldest friends to keep it. It shows how far Macbeth has fallen from the once great soldier that he was to the murdering fiend he now is. As a soldier killing the enemy, Macbeth is admired but as a killer in his homeland he?s despised. After Banquo?s murder, we see how Macbeth?s guilt-ridden conscience catches up with him and temporarily makes him see Banquo?s ghost at a banquet he?s holding at his castle. This is an example of when the audience doesn?t know precisely what?s going on ? is the ghost a figment of Macbeth?s mind resulting from his paranoia or is the supernatural to blame?

Macbeth reacts to the situation by demanding who at the table has done such trickery and then almost assures people believe his guilt when he starts shouting that they ?canst not say (he) did it?. Remember this is at the time when Banquo is believed to be not present due to some other business, not dead as Macbeth knows him to be. When the ghost of Banquo leaves the table Macbeth decides to cover up what he?s just seen by telling his guests that he ?has some strange infirmity, which is nothing to those who know me.? (A. 3, S. 4, L. 86) He plays along with the idea his wife first suggested, that he?s ill and it?s a fit that?ll pass, a short madness he?s always had. The way this affects the play is that it dampens the party mood of the banquet, it ruins the evening and destroys the

celebratory atmosphere, as Lady Macbeth announces: ?You have displaced the mirth, broke the good meeting.? (A. 3, S.4, L. 108) It also makes everyone present wonder just what Macbeth was talking about when he was proclaiming his innocence over a deed he supposedly hasn?t committed. Therefore it makes everyone more sceptical of the King and is a focus point because this is the first time in the drama of the play he?s appeared under suspicion to other people at the banquet. Before, Macbeth only had Banquo to worry about, but after his performance in front of the nobles he knows more and more people are concerned about the things he?s done in the past and his denying having done anything only makes him look more and more guilty, only the guests do not know what he?s done exactly,

they can only make assumptions. This affects the drama greatly as Macbeth gets in deeper and deeper into the web of lies and the trail of murder he?s taken begins to unhinge him. In fact, Macbeth has had tricks played on him by his mind before. The first time was when he was debating the consequences of killing King Duncan and he sees a dagger floating in front of him and he?s not sure whether it?s hallucinary or real: ?Is this a dagger I see before me? ? Come, let me clutch thee. I have thee not yet I still see thee.? (A. 2, S. 1, Ls. 33/35) We can safely assume that this is the influence of Macbeth?s guilty conscience at work and this shows that Macbeth is slowly being tormented by his deeds. We see straight away, within the same scene as killing King Duncan, that he regrets