The Developement Of Free Jazz Essay Research — страница 2

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Philadelphia. He was influenced by the music that was later known as R&B. Starting his career he played with a couple big bands. While playing for Dizzy Gillespie Big band he switched to the tenor saxophone. While Coltrane was playing with the Miles Davis band in 1955, Davis was criticized for his choice of a saxophonist because of Coltrane’s awkward sound. He was fired from Davis’s Band because of his heroin problems. That gave Coltrane the awakening he needed. He quit heroin and focused on his art. He worked with many well-know artists and released some recordings as a leader instead of a sideman. As his music evolved he studied world religions and music of different cultures allowing him to add more “flavor” to jazz. In the mid 60’s he emphasized more on

expression and put more aggressiveness in his music known as avant-garde, which is like free jazz. During the 50’s and 60’s men like Ornette Coleman, John Coltrane, and others developed a form of jazz know as free jazz that “violated traditional structures, tonalities, forms, chord sequences, modes of improvisation, rhythms, and even the tempered scale. (”Free Jazz” Dictionary of American Pop/Rock)” Some people do not like it because of it’s “total disorder.” Free jazz took classical jazz and brought it into the modern era. Work Cited “Free Jazz,” Dictionary of American Pop/Rock New York: Schimer Books 1982″Free Jazz,” Encyclopedia Britannica Online [Accessed January 5, 2000]“Coleman, Ornette,” The Guinness Encyclopedia of Popular Music Chester:

Guinness Publishing LTD, 1992 Vol. 4″Jazz Music History – Legendary Free Jazz & Avont Garde Musicians” [Accessed February 7, 2000]“Free Jazz,”"Coleman, Ornette,” Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia Microsoft Corporation 1993-1997″Free Jazz,” The New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians New York: Macmillan publishers limited 1980 Vol. 6″John Coltrane,” Popular Musicians Pasadena: Salem Press, Inc. 1999 Vol. 1″Biographies: Ornette Coleman” [Accessed February 7, 2000]Ornette Coleman on – Music’s Homepage” UBL.COM [accessed February 7, 2000]“The Unofficial Home of Free Jazz” [Accessed February 7, 2000]