The Democratic Ideal Essay Research Paper The — страница 2
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afraid of voting for candidates that might not win, their choice in candidates is limited. These limitations mean that very few women, blacks, Asians, Latinos, homosexuals, radical conservatives, radical liberals, young, old, etc., ever get elected. Without the representation in government, their interests and views are frequently ignored. ” Fred infers that interest groups and factions do no have a voice because of the system. This differs with Michael Nelson’s assumption that we are quest for a direct democracy has likened our government to a bureaucracy. Fred later goes on to examine European democracy as being more efficient that American democracy because electoral systems are those that rely on proportional representation. Most PR systems rely on multiple-member districts, which means that several candidates are elected from each jurisdiction. That is, instead of only having one person represent you in the House of Representatives, you could have ten. Thus, if the Republicans get 40% of the vote, they would get four seats. If the Democrats get 20% of the vote they get two seats; and if the Environmentalist party gets 10% of the vote they would get one seat. In these systems voters are given more choice because it is more likely that the candidate or party that most closely represents them is more likely to win a seat in the House of Representatives giving them tangible representation in the legislature. Proportional representation is used very infrequently in the United States, although it is used in the vast majority of democratic countries around the world. Proportional Representation is used almost exclusively in Europe. I find Fred and Monroe’s views to be contrasting. Monroe, unlike Fred, believes in communal democracy. I tend to agree with Fred’s idea that any democracy that fails to encourage a majority of people to participate in the electoral process is a failing democracy, which fails to represent the interests of the people. I do agree with Monroe, however, on the idea that people tend to find a sense of democracy within them by overcoming a system of checks and balances, but this is not within the context of politics, but rather day to day life. Compounding this problem is the fact that money has become so important in American politics Perhaps, Tocqueville was right in saying “I know no other country where love of money has such a grip on men’s hearts.” It is apparent that incumbents are more likely to win elections. Knowing this interest groups and donors are much more willing to give funds to incumbent candidates –further increasing the chances that they can attract more votes than opposing candidates. Proof of this phenomenon is available through the Midwest Democracy Center, which successfully predicted over 80% of the previous Indiana’s House of Representatives elections, based on incumbency and previous patterns. This further limits the number of choices available to the voter. Because voters have such limited choice in most American elections they are increasingly seeing little reason to vote. Voter turnout rates have fallen consistently since the 1960’s, dropping below 50% in the previous presidential election. This figure can be put into perspective when compared to other democracies’ average voter turnout rates–Australia, 93.8; Italy, 90.5; Denmark, 86.8; Norway, 82.7. In conclusion, the belief that Americans are born equal is not always true, though it has been expressed by many. Getting involved with organizations that promote the individual can help to further the growth of the individual. The individual is powerless in a democracy unless they take action. Consensus promotes bureaucracy rather than a democracy.