The Decline Of The American Dream In — страница 2

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traditions made her unable to marry a “poor boy.” Blanche wanted to use him for security and because she needed to “rest.” She never really loved him, which shows Mitch as being incapable of rising to the upper class. Myrtle’s husband, George, is another example of the hopeless struggle of climbing the social ladder. He is the ultimate representative of the lower, working class. He worked in his garage, fixing cars, and is toyed around by Tom. George was initially unaware that Tom was having an affair with his wife. Tom fooled George into thinking that he had intentions of selling George one of his cars. This is Fitzgerald’s way of showing the upper class tinkering with the mind of the lower class. It is an insult to the lower class because Tom wasn’t at the garage

to get estimates on his car, he was there to see Myrtle. George foolishly kept on thinking that he was being accepted by the upper class. He thought that a rich person actually wanted to deal with him, rather than use him for gas. Therefore, no character is able to move to a higher social class in either piece. This shows the decline of the American Dream, since one of the characteristics of the dream is that a person of any class can become a part of the upper class. Another reason which proves the decline of the American Dream is that hard work does not guarantee success in either piece. This is evident in the character of Jordan Baker in The Great Gatsby. She was a professional golfer who cheated to win. She moved her ball, which enabled her to win the tournament. Her caddy

had stated that she had moved her ball, but later withdrew his statement. This suggests that she paid him off in exchange for his secrecy, and shows that she didn’t even have to work hard to win the tournament. By cheating, she received the money that she wanted, and never got caught. The American Dream is based upon the idea that hard work pays off. This shows the decline of the dream because Jordan cheated and still succeeded. Also in A Streetcar Named Desire, it is obvious that hard work doesn’t pay off, through Mitch’s character. He had a low-paying job, to which he worked very hard while taking care of his dying mother. He never got what he wanted out of his life because he was always too busy working. His hardships didn’t bring him any great fortune, or allow him to

purchase any land. These are elements of the American Dream that weren’t fulfilled to Mitch, even though he followed the “directions.”Another illustration of hard work not paying off is Meyer Wolfsheim. He was a gangster who had rigged the 1919 World Series, and was involved in illegal activities. He never worked hard, earning his money through intimidation rather than perseverance. Despite the fact that his wealth was not earned truthfully, he was still viewed highly through Gatsby’s eyes. Another example of hard work not paying off is in the character of Blanche. When she lost her relatives at Belle-Reve, she really lost everything. This left her with no one to turn to, despite her hard work of taking care of her sick family. Blanche meant everything to her family, and

when they all died, she was left with nothing. She didn’t deserve to be treated so poorly by Stanley. She needed money and the only thing that she could do after she lost her teaching job was to be a prostitute. It is sad that Blanche lost a friend in Mitch, and her self-respect by selling her body. She worked so hard to save her family, and is alienated by Stella, the one relative that she had left. Stella couldn’t cope with Blanche’s mental decay, and put her into a mental institution. This shows that Blanche’s work to save her family was all for nothing because, when she needed help, the one person that should have been there for her, didn’t care. She deserved a better fate, because of her hard work, and thus represents the decline of the American Dream. In contrast,

Tom Buchanan’s character shows that hard work doesn’t pay off in a different way. He was an accepted member of the rich class, but didn’t do anything to earn his money. He was rich in a way that would “take your breath away.” Tom’s fortune was all inherited, and he didn’t have to work a day in his life. He was a football player, but the money that he earned in sports was minuscule in comparison to his inheritance. He is the epitome of the suggestion that hard work doesn’t pay off. It is discouraging to see that the people who did nothing to receive their money end up further ahead than those who worked hard. It is undeniable that the American Dream is in decline because of the lack of equal opportunity in both The Great Gatsby and A Streetcar Named Desire. The