The Dead Sea Scrolls Essay Research Paper — страница 4
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public interest. For scholars they represent an invaluable source for exploring the nature of post-biblical times and probing the sources of two the world s great religions. For the public, they are great artifacts of great significance, mystery and drama. Interests in scrolls have intensified in recent years. For example, media coverage has given fame to scholarly debates over the meaning of the scrolls, the Qumran ruin, as well as particular scroll fragments. These articles have raised questions determined to increase attention and augment the Dead Sea Scrolls mystery. Questions such as, Did the scrolls come from the library of the Second Temple or other libraries and were they hidden to prevent their destruction from the Romans? Was the Qumran site for a winter villa for a wealthy family or was it a Roman fortress? Was it a monastery not for the Essense but for a Saaucean sect? Does this mean we need to revise our view of Jewish beliefs during the last centuries of the Second Temple? Do the Dead Sea Scrolls provide clues for hidden treasures? Does the War Rule Scroll refer to a pierced or piercing messiah? Since the late 1980 s, there has been no controversy surrounding the access to the scrolls and the movement to increase their publication. The Biblical Archaeology Review also known as intellectual freedom and the right to scholarly access has had great results. In 1988, the Israel Antiquities Authority began to expand the number of scroll assignments. By 1992, they included more than fifty scholars. In 1991, the Biblical Eastridge 10 Archaeology Society published a computer-generated version as well as a two-volume edition of the scroll photographs. The Israel Antiquities Authorities announced that it too is issuing an authorized microfiche edition. (Library of Congress Exhibition) In decades to come, there will be a lot of controversy surrounding the scrolls. The different people working on the scrolls wanted to the contents a secret. The scrolls had much in common with both rabbinical Judaism, and it was emerging during the first century AD, and with the earliest forms of Christianity. There was great excitement when the scrolls were dated. They are thought to be from the pre-Christian, to the early Christian Period, this shed new insight into the world of scriptures. Scholars have pointed to similarities between beliefs and practices outlined in the Qumran literature and those of early Christians. These parallels contain comparable rituals of baptism, communal meals and property. A further example is the parallel organizational structures: the sectarians divided themselves into twelve chiefs, similar to the structure of the twelve apostles who, according to Jesus, would sit on twelve thrones to judge the twelve tribes of Israel. Many scholars believe that both the literature of early Christianity and Qumran teachings come from a common ground within Judaism and do not reflect a direct link between the Qumran community and the early Christians. (Library of Congress Exhibit) Before they were read, some thought surely the Old Testament would need to be changed, because the scrolls would prove that the translation during the years would be incorrect. However, quite the opposite happened. There was very little change, and that s one of the most fascinating aspects of the discovery. The scrolls have brought us into a Eastridge 11 world that we had never visited before. They have shed light on how the people of the time of Christ lived, and worshipped. The scrolls have shown the parallelism between Judaism and Christianity, and there is still so much yet to learn, once all of the pieces of this great puzzle are put together.