The Dead Sea Scrolls Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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a meeting with the Bedouins, founders the original scrolls. He wanted to see just what they had, and examine them. The day of the meeting was not successful. Metropolitan Samuel forgot to tell the monks at St. Mark that he was expecting the Bedouins. So, when they showed up, the monk at the door seeing these unshaven people with crumbled and dirty documents sent them away. Angry at being treated this way, the Bedouins didn t want to have anything to do with Metropolitan Samuel. One of them refused to do any further business with Kando either, and went and sold his portion of the findings to a Muslim Sheik of Bethlehem. Kando did however buy up the remaining scrolls from the Bedouins and sold them to the Metropolitan. There were four scrolls. One of them was broken in two, and at

first thought to be five. One of those scrolls was a well-preserved copy of the book Isaiah. This particular scroll was 24 feet long. The other three scrolls included: the Genesis Eastridge 4 Apocryphon, a commentary on the Book of Habakkak, and the Community Rules. Metropolitan Samuel sent a priest to go with Isaiah to the cave. Some time shortly after the failed meeting with the Bedouins. They found at least one additional jar and some fragments. They also apparently did some extensive excavations, because when the official research team went to the caves a year later, an entire section of the cliff-face has been removed. A few authors believe that Isaiah found a number of scrolls, some of which scholars have never seen. (Baigent 57) Miles Copeland of the CIA, arrived in Syria.

While there an Egyptian merchant claimed to possess a great treasure, then proceed to reach into his dirty sack and took out a scroll which was already disintegrating, and pieces of it flew into the street. The merchant asked him what it was. Copeland, couldn t say what they were, but told the merchant if he left it with him, he d photograph it and have someone study it. In order to photograph it, Copeland and his colleagues took the scroll to the roof of the American Legation in Danascus and stretched it out. It was very windy and pieces of the scroll peeled off and flew away in to the streets, to be lost forever. The photographs were taken to a distinguished official there, a man skilled in ancient languages. The official declared the text to be part of the Old Testament Book

of Daniel. Some of the writing he found to be written in Aramaic, and some in Hebrew. It was to be followed up after this point, and no one ever saw the Egyptian merchant Eastridge 5 with the scrolls again. The photographs were put in a drawer and lost. No one knows what happened to them. Metropolitan Samuel was still trying to determine the age of the scrolls. A Jewish doctor who visited his monastery put him in touch with scholars from Hebrew University. They directed him to Professor Sukenik, head of Hebrew University s archeology department. Nevertheless, before Professor Sukenik met with Metropolitan Samuel, he set up a secret meeting with an Armenian antique dealer. The Armenian showed Sukenik a fragment of a scroll that Sukenik recognized as Hebrew writing. The Armenian

asked Sukenik if the scrolls were genuine and if the University would be willing to buy them. Sukenik requested a second meeting. On November 29,1947, Sukenik met with the Armenian in Bethlehem and looked at all of the fragmented pieces. He observed the three scrolls and the jars that contained them. He was allowed to take them home and was studying them when, at midnight dramatic news came over the radio. The news said that a majority of the United Nations had voted for the creation of the state of Israel. It was that moment Sukenik made the decision to buy the scrolls. He felt them to be kind of mysterious omen, a symbolic validation of the momentous historical events that had just been set in motion. Towards the end of January 1948, Sukenik arranged to see the scrolls held by

Metropolitan Samuel. He was shown the Metropolitan s scrolls and allowed to borrow them for inspection. However, he was unable to raise the money to purchase them and gave the scrolls back. Sukenik tried to bring the price down and set up a meeting a week later with an agent representing the Metropolitan. By the end of the week Sukenik had Eastridge 6 raised the money required, but the Metropolitan was no longer interested. He s gotten a better offer from the United States. The scrolls were sent to Beirut for safekeeping. Later that year, January 1949, the first press release appeared. It wasn t entirely accurate. The paper said the scrolls were found at St. Marks because they didn t want swarms of people excavating Qumran. On Monday, April 12,1948, The Times ran an article about