The Crusades Essay Research Paper The Byzantine — страница 2

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they could capture Jerusalem. Since they were poor, they thought god would deliver the Holy City to them. They never went to the Holy Land, most starved or froze to death. Some returned to their homes in shame, while others got on boats and were sold into slavery by the Muslims. This was known as the Children’s Crusade. The Fifth Crusade (1217-1221), the Christians captured Damietta in Egypt, but they didn’t get much further and gave up Damietta. Frederick II led the Sixth Crusade (1228-1229). He made a peace treaty with the Muslim Sultan and the sultan gave Jerusalem to the Christians. The Seventh Crusade (1248-1254) was caused by the recapture of Jerusalem by the Muslims in 1244. Louis attached cities in Egypt and was capture by the Muslims. For a huge ransom, Louis was set

free. He led the Eighth Crusade in 1270, but died shortly afterwards. A plague had broken out among his troops. After the Crusades, Western Europeans could build better ships. They could also make more accurate maps. From Asia, They obtained the magnetic Compass to tell directions. The Byzantine Empire fell to the Ottoman Empire in 1453. The pope’s prestige fell because they used the crusades for personal and political gain. It increased trade between cities on the Mediterranean Sea causing economic growth. Italian cities grew power by carrying the crusaders and their supplies. Asian goods passed throughout these territories such as spices and silk. Feudalism had decreased since many nobles died and increased the kings’ power. Although the Crusades were a flop, Europe had

advancements in weaponry and imported Asian goods. They also had economic growth with increased trade. The Muslims eventually captured the remaining Christian centers. At this time, Europeans were more interested in exploring the Atlantic Ocean. After Columbus sailed to New World, they no longer cared about the Holy Land and left it to the Muslims. Bibliography “Crusades”, World Book Encyclopedia 1999 ed. 1998 IBM.