The Crucible Belonging — страница 2
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Leadership makes it all happen. If there is no leader in a group, it is likely that the group would not accomplish anything as they lose focus. Scatterbrained, people would be staring at each other trying to figure out who does what. Yet with a leader, people follow the example set out. They need a role model, something only a leader can provide. Authority kindles discipline and without authority, discipline is soft. A leader does not come from just anywhere though. Leadership takes strong beliefs, mediation and a good cause to believe in. All of these features are exerted in the group in order to ensure the rules are followed. The will to enforce such rules is a basic element in the success and cohesiveness of an organization. The members need to believe in their purpose and they need to know that their cause is important. In the end, if the leader doesn’t have the ability to follow through with his/her promises, the group will lose their sense of reason and meaning. They will begin to doubt the purpose of the organization and lose focus of their common goal. This could result in members leaving the group – in other words, exclusion. Exclusion means you do not agree with the purpose of the organization, you want no part of it, or you decide the rules are not morally valued by your own ideologies. If you believe you are not strong enough to follow through with the group plans or you disagree inherently with the leader, then you are no longer part of the group. You will become an outcast – you will be on the outside. To be excluded is to not belong and means you are different from the group. A strong sense of individuality usually makes it harder to belong to a group unless your ideals are the same. If they are not, it’s easy to become an outcast being picked on or a target for the group. Outcasts are generally victims of society’s scapegoating. It is easy for people in a group to treat anyone who is different from them as somehow valued “less” than the group. Once they are outside the group, they are an easy target to blame for society’s problems. Few members want to stick up them for fear that they too will become outcasts so they remain silent, allowing the scapegoating to continue. Throughout “The Crucible”, the Christian Church was the main organization responsible for the destiny of Salem’s citizens. Salem’s society was held together based on the concept that the village was entirely sacred and puritan. Everyone was supposed to be part of the Church and follow its beliefs. Strangely, the only reason that held people back from rebelling against the Church was their fear of not belonging. Everyone was so afraid of being an outcast that they forced themselves to go along with the rules of the Church. Purity and holiness are what appealed to the members, what they believed in, but not what kept them in the Church group. They only pretended to believe in all the other rules because they were too afraid to face the consequences of becoming an outcast. Their goal was “to keep the community together, and to prevent any kind of disunity that might open it to destruction by material or ideological enemies” (pg. 7 Miller). Explicit rules in the Christian church were quite evident in “The Crucible”: the Ten Commandments from the Bible. In Salem, along with any other Christian based town at that time, the Ten Commandments were to be lived and followed exactly as written. If you failed to strictly abide by those rules, suspicions were immediately made based on the circumstances. As in The Crucible, you could be accused of witchcraft and arrested just because you had broken any one of the Commandments. There were other rules or explicit expectations that hid within the text of Mr. Parris’ interpretation of the Bible such as possession of puppets, reading or other questionable behaviour as determined by the Reverends of the Church. For example, Giles Corey’s wife was taken to jail shortly after he complained of her reading books. The importance of the Bible’s interpretation is evident when Reverend Hale questions the Proctor’s faith after discovering their third child had not been baptized yet and that they were frequently absent from Church on the Sabbath. Hale immediately took them into consideration as practising with the Devil ( page 64 ). It’s obvious that a strong belief in the Ten Commandments played a large role in belonging to this organization and that not believing or not following them caused people to become outcasts. “They believed, in short, that they held in their hands the candle that would light the world.” (page 5) This was the idea of their leaders, the Reverends Parris and Hale in Salem.