The Constitution A Frontier Essay Research Paper

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The Constitution: A Frontier Essay, Research Paper The Constitution: Frontier to a new Nation The constitution of the United States is a great frontier in history because it outlines social, political and economic standards that help develop a better country. It defines principles of government, and establishes controlling power over a governing body. Revolutionists fought to protect the newly found American principles such as liberty and the pursuit of happiness. They would not be able to keep the rights that they wanted for the country and people unless there was a formal document dictating one’s rights. There was a need for a Constitution. Let us look back before the Constitution. In 1781, during the American Revolution, the Articles of Confederation were developed in

order to protect the personal liberties of the people. Although the Articles of Confederation were designed to hold colonies together, they did not fulfill their purpose as intended. They lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, and had an ineffectual proportional representation. There was an insufficiency of power over the states as well. As an new nation, there were many challenges facing the people ahead. The articles were limited in providing solutions to many and most of these challenges because the states held most of the power. This of course, made the people want the Constitution on a social level as the people did not like it when the states had too much power. The US Constitution was written and developed to focus in on and resolve these problems. In order to protect

the liberty and well being of the people, a new and stronger system was necessary. States were already acting independently, and congress lacked the power to regulate and enforce laws as there were no checks and balances within the system. This is seen early on in the second article, “Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.” Another sever problem that resulted because of the Articles of Confederation was that the system was not able to enforce laws to control the people, which meant that it was up to the states to govern the people. This means that there was no unity between the states and the people, which is

going to lead to competition between the states over land, commerce and repayment of the public debt. This brings the need for a Constitution on economic grounds as commercial legislation was virtually not possible as there as the tarrifs were different from every state and that created conflicts. Since the country was so economically and politically, practically everyone was in favor of a new Constitution. “During the war of the revolution, our commerce was suspended; our trade continued to languish had to contend with domestic and foreign obstacles; ” This says a lot about the economic and political situation of the country, so something needed to be done about this, hence the forming of the Constitution. Now that the problems of the Articles have been addressed, we can now

focus on how the Constitution improved and became a frontier in the history of the US. The Constitution resolved many conflicts in the shape of a “checks and balances” system with three branches (judicial, legislative, executive) and a bi-cameral legislative branch. The most difficult aspect of the old system that had to be dealt with was equal representation. Since the number of representatives was proportional to the states population, then the big states like Virginia would have the upper hand. The smaller states did not like this, and it was resolved that the lower house (House of Representatives) would be proportional to the states population and the upper house (the Senate) would be composed of 2 senators from every state. “The Senate of the United States shall be