The Confederate States Of America Essay Research — страница 3

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reconstruction of the South. Some wanted a swift, harsh reconstruction plan. This was known as radical reconstruction. The United States Congress preferred radical reconstruction, so that the South would be punished for its secession. President Lincoln did not approve of such a reconstruction plan. Lincoln wanted a more lenient reconstruction in order to bring the North and the South back together. His plan was to pardon all Confederates if an oath of loyalty to the United States was taken. After Lincoln’s assassination, Andrew Johnson became president. President Johnson also defied Congress by issuing the more lenient reconstruction. Contrary to popular belief, there were many black soldiers who voluntarily fought for the Confederate States. The estimated number of black

soldiers fighting for the Confederacy range from 38,000 men to 90,000 men. At the start of the War, blacks were not allowed to enlist in the Confederate Army. Confederate Major General Patrick Cleburne was the first to support the enlistment of blacks. Of all the factors in the War, sicknesses and diseases killed more soldiers than any other. Illnesses such as measles and chicken pox were very common and affected many soldiers. Whole batallions could be stricken with dysentery from bad or undercooked meat. Soldiers injured in battle wound often die from from minor wounds. Gangrene often developed in the wounds, resulting in amputation or death. At times, the Confederates had plenty of food, but usually, there was not nearly enough. Not eating for days was a common occurence.

Those who could cook well were “highly appreciated.” When food was very scarce, “slosh” was made. It is a mixture of boiled bacon grease, flour, and water. To make a “slap jack,” less water and less bacon grease were added. Soldiers in the field often relied on poor slices of fat meat, usually pork, and biscuits, known as “hard tack.” When able, a Confederate soldier would fry the hard tack in grease. Though it was despised and done only when hunger became too severe, soldiers would scour the battlefield in search of food in possession of the dead. “If there is anything which will overcome the natural abhorrence which a man feels for the enemy, the loathing of the bloated dead and the awe engendered by the presence of death, solitude and silence, it is

hunger.” Foragers often returned with nothing, but sometimes returned “well laden with good things.” Wild fruits and sorghum was sought by soldiers. Sorghum was made into a sweet beverage. Union troops were laden with items such as coffee, sugar, bread, crackers, beef, vegetables, peaches, lobsters, tomatoes, milk, soda, salt, liquors, wines, cigars, and tobacco. Confederates usually obtained food from farmers, but never by force. Those who could, often worked for local farmers doing chores. Farmers gave soldiers money or food in return for their services. Confederate soldiers craved corn. The corn was roasted and, to everyone’s delight, made a “grateful meal.” There are a few accounts of corn being stolen from fields. Jefferson Davis was born on June 3, 1808 in

Kentucky. Davis was enrolled at Transylvania University in Lexington. He graduated from the United States Military academy in 1828. Davis fought in the Mexican War and was wounded at Buena Vista. He resigned from the Army, in 1835, due to his health. Davis was a United States Senator from Mississippi from 1835 to 1846 and 1857 to 1861. Davis withdrew from the Senate, in 1861, when Mississippi seceeded from the Union. He was elected President of the Confederate States on February 18, 1861 and was inaugurated in Richmond, Virginia on February 22, 1862. Governers of the states were against Davis’ wish to have high military officers appointed by the president. Davis received recognition for raising such a formidable army with so few resources and his encouragement of industry in

the South. His courage and faith inspired Confederate soldiers. After the War, on May 10, 1865, Davis was captured by federal troops at Irwinville, Georgia. He was imprisoned for two years at Fort Monroe, Virginia. He was released on a bond of $100,000. Davis lived in Biloxi, Mississippi from 1878 until his death, on December 6, 1889, in New Orleans. Jefferson Davis is buried in Richmond, Virginia. Robert Edward Lee was born on January 19, 1807 in Stratford, Virginia. His father was Revolutionary War hero Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee and his mother was Ann Hill Carter Lee. Robert was their fourth child and was raised as a Christian. He graduated second in his class at the United States Military Academy. Lee received no demerits as a cadet and was given a commission as an