The comparative typology of English, Russian and Uzbek languages

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The ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education of the republic of Uzbekistan «The comparative typology of English, Russian and Uzbek languages» Gulistan 2007 Introduction A silence would be a lonely world. To listen, to answer, to share our thought and ideas through speech and hearing this is one of the most exciting ports of being human. It is no doubt true that students grow toward maturity and independence of thought as they progress through the grades; but this growth is not as a rule a sharp and sudden one, nor does the psychology of the students undergo any great change during the various levels of the fundamental principles that underlie the work of the University remain the same from year to year. The need in every level is to bring about academic growth by

providing near and broader experiences. While working at school found out how difficult for the students of the secondary school, definite the national groups, to learn English, because there are no prepositions in Uzbek, but in English we have. If we talk about gender we have, of course some similarities. And when, I tried them to explain some examples in comparison they learned those words better than I thought. Thus, the goal of the research is to investigate grammar of the English language in comparison with the Uzbek, to investigate phonetics, in comparison English with Uzbek. The enabling objectives are as follows: To review literature of comparative languages (English and Uzbek) in order to make theoretically we-motivated discussions on the choice of comparison. To analyze

the parts of speech of the English language and the Uzbek language. The novelty is that this work contains the comparative analyses of the English grammar, phonetics and construction of the sentence. The student made her own investigation finding many examples of comparison not only in English, and in Uzbek. Materials and literature which she used were «The comparative typology of English and Turkic languages», the lectures on «Comparative typology» and «Theory of phonetics» by A. Abduazizov. The qualification work consists of several parts where she opened and analyzed the theme. 1. Main part 1.1 Comparative typology of English and Uzbek The word typology consists of two Greek morphemes: a) typos means type and b) logos means science or word. Typology is a branch of

science which is typical to all sciences without any exception. In this respect their typological method is not limited with the sphere of one science. It has a universal rise. So typology may be divided into: Non-linguistic and Linguistic typology Non-linguistic typology is the subject matter of the sciences except linguistics. Linguistic typology is a new branch of general linguistic which studies the systems of languages comparatively, also finds common laws of languages and establishes differences and similarities between them. Typological classification of languages. In linguistics we may come across many terms as to the terminological nature of linguistic typology. The are: 1. Comparative methods, 2. Comparative – historical method, 3. Comparative (or contrastive)

linguistics, 4. Comparative typology, 5. Comparative grammar, 6. Connotation grammar, 7. Descriptive – comparative linguistics and on the terms used in Russian and Uzbek are not exact either. They are: сравнительная грамматика, сопоставительная грамматика, сравнительно-историческое языкознание, контрастивная лингвистика, сравнительная типология in Russian and қиёсий типология, қиёсий тарихий тилшунослик, қиёсий грамматика, қиёсий тилшунослик and so on in Uzbek. Classification of linguistic typology. According to the notion of comparison of linguistics phenomenon and the aim