The Comic Essay Research Paper Richard Brown

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The Comic Essay, Research Paper Richard Brown Final Exam: The Comic 1.Irony. The use of words to express a different meaning than they are used for literally. In Shakespeare?s play Twelfth Night he incorporates the use of irony in many of his scenes. Act II Scene 3. TOBY. A false conclusion; I hate it as an unfilled can. To be up after midnight, and to go to bed then, is early; so that to go to bed after midnight is to go to bed betimes. Does not our lives consist of the four elements? ANDREW. Faith so they say; but I think it rather consists of eating and drinking. TOBY. Thou?rt a scholar! Let us therefore eat and drink. Marian I say! A stoup of wine! Shakespeare uses irony here when Toby calls Andrew a scholar, meaning something totally different. Satire. Something written

in order to attack someone?s shortcomings using irony or wit. In Jonathan Swift?s “A Modest Proposal” satire is used in order to draw attention to the plight of the Irish people under the rule of England. “I have been assured by a very knowing American of my Acquaintance in London; that a young healthy Child, well nursed, is at a year old, a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome food?” Jonathan Swift attacks England?s treatment of the poor people of Ireland. Travesty. An exaggerated representation of someone else?s work. Lady Mary Wortley Montague?s “The Reasons that Induced Dr.S[wift] to write a Poem called the Lady?s Dressing Room. “The Doctor in a clean starch?d band, His Golden Snuff box in his hand,?” Montague takes the style of writing from Swift and uses

it to insult him. Parody. A work that imitates someone?s style in a humorous way. Henry Fielding in his work Joseph Andrews writes a parody of Homer?s The Iliad: The Shield of Achilles. “on its head was engraved a nose and chin, which might have been mistaken for a pair of nut crackers. The learned have imagined it designed to represent the Gorgon; but it was copied from the face of a certain long English baronet?” Fielding imitates Homer?s style when he explains the history of Joseph Andrews cudgel in opposition to how Homer explained the shield that Hephaestus makes. “And he forged on the shield a herd of longhorn cattle, working the bulls in beaten gold and tin, lowing loud and rumbling out of the farmyard dung?” Camp. The appreciation of a certain style, that is

considered vulgar by the mainstream, but is proposed in a serious fashion. In John Waters writing of “The Filthiest People Alive” he talks about his experiences in the making of the film Pink Flamingos “?Now I Know I?m insane,? declared Divine as he spit out the last of the *censored* and made a mad dash for some mouthwash.” I don?t think this needs an explanation. Grotesque. A bizarre, distorted representation of something. A single quote to express the grotesque does not do it justice. Grotesque is beyond a single quote it is the representation of something that is not considered normal. “One time I got a woman?s glass eye this way.” In Flannery O?Connor?s short story “Good Country People” a traveling bible salesman seduces a woman in order to steal her wooden

leg. This is grotesque because of the situation and the way the salesman goes about achieving his goal. The grotesque shows us something twisted something we have never before seen. 2. Aristotle and Ralph Ellison have very distinct views about the definition of comedy, they both make points as to what justifies it. The interpretations of both of them are similar in that in the end they both make the same conclusions even though they are generations apart. For an example I will take from “The Modest Proposal” by Jonathan Swift. “I HAVE been assured by a very knowing American of my Acquaintance in London; that a young healthy Child, well nursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious, nourishing, and wholesome Food.” Aristotle said that comedy was a form of imitation, in that