The Code Of Honor Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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pursue their honor, to fight for their honor, and to defend their honor. Why does Othello want to kill Cassio and Desdemona? He thinks Cassio cuckolds him, which makes him feel he loses his honor. His marriage is the peak in his life because it is not common, or even a guilty for a Moor to marry a white woman at that time. Othello makes his marriage become reality for his services to state. His honor is confirmed by the Duke and by Venice. Desdemona, Venice, and Othello are interconnected. If one link is broken, the system of interconnection will be destroyed. .Farewell! Othello s occupation s gone! x (Shakespeare 3.3.354), that is why Othello s crying when he feels the relation between he and Desdemona is in crisis. After Othello receives the letter from Venice, which .commands

him home and deputes Cassio in his government x (Shakespeare 4.1.237), he realizes the link between him and the state is also in crisis. Duke wants to keep a watchful eye on Othello so as to command him home. Duke does not totally trust Othello because he is not one of them, and he is afraid that Othello might betray Venice if he remains in Cyprus. Though it is Othello who defeats the Turks, Cassio is appointed to take over Othello s position. Losing his position and his wife to Cassio, Othello has nothing. He must regain his honor, and the only thing he can do to defend his honor is to kill Cassio and Desdemona. His plan for murder is carried out. .An honorable murder, if you will. For naught I did in hate, but all in honor x (Shakespeare 5.2.290-291), Othello commits suicide

after he kills Desdemona and knows the true story. It is the death of Othello that makes him regain the honor to Desdemona: he can stay with Desdemona forever; he will not be humiliated by returning to Venice as a prisoner. Twain gives us many episodes to illustrate how people deal with honor. For example, Colonel Sherburn s murder of Boggs is also an evidence of barbaric nature of society and different code of honor. Colonel Sherburn is a .proud-looking x and .best dressed man in that town. x When the drunk, .best-natured old fool, x Boggs, continues to insult and challenge him, Sherburn thinks he will lose his reputation and being looked down by the mob. To defend his honor, he issues an ultimatum, and, true to his word, shoots the retreating Boggs dead. It has hardly been a

fair duel, but the Colonel has kept his word and regained his honor. Ironically, the mob lack the courage to string up the Colonel, who has shot an unarmed and retreating drunk, because .they don t fight with courage that is born in them, but with the courage that s borrowed from their mass x (Twain 134; ch.22) It is the Colonel that governs the mob and that town, like Duke in Venice, so he has all the power to make the mob believe what is honor and what is dishonor. Even he does something dishonorable or cold-blooded, the mob cannot borrow any courage from one another to catch him, or even say a word. Therefore, one s social value needs to be validated by other people, especially by the people who are high in society. Because people s honor needs to be validated by other people,

sometimes people even do not know they have honor unless their honor is be confirmed by other people. The marriage to Desdemona is the great honor that Othello ever has. Othello does not take good care of her and himself. He always thinks this marriage is too much for him. How come a white woman becomes a Moor s wife? He always questions this reality, and even suspects the royalty of Desdemona. In his last speech, he confesses: .Then must you speak of one that loved not wisely, but too well; of one not easily jealous, but, being wrought, Perplexed in the extreme; of one whose hand, like the base Judean, threw a pearl away richer than all his tribe x (Shakespeare 5.2.340-345). Nobody tells Othello that the marriage fits him and Desdemona. Even Brabantio, his father-in-law, warns

him: .Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see: she has deceived her father, and may thee x (Shakespeare 1.3.288-289). How can Othello realizes he has the .pearl x in such society? It is the society that makes Othello blind. In Twain s fiction, we also find the same issues that illustrate the validation of honor. Jim is a runaway nigger. On the journey down the Mississippi on a raft with Huck, he is afraid of being sighted by other people, because he knows that what he is trying to do is dishonor in his society. He does not want anybody validate this dishonor; he does not want anybody releases his secret; and he wants to be a free man after arriving Cairo. His worry and anxiety blinds him. He does not discover his honor, like his good-hearted. Until the people in Phelps farm