The Church of England

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МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫЙ НЕЗАВИСИМЫЙ ЭКОЛОГО-ПОЛИТОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ Реферат по страноведению на тему: «The Church of England» Москва, 2002 The Church of England Content: Introduction ………………………………………………………………..…………3 I.              History of the Church of England 1)    Status of Church in England up to 1530 ………………………..4 2)    Reformation of Church ……………………………………………4 Henry VII…………………………………………………………….4 Edward

VI……………………………………………………………6 Mary I………………………………………………………………...6 Elizabeth I……………………………………………………………7 Charles II…………………………………………………….……….8 Victoria ……………………………………………………….………8 II. The Church of England today…………………………………………………..9 1)    The essence of being an Anglican………………………………………..9 2)    Organisation of the Church of England ………………………………….11 III.    Church of England becomes an International

Church……………………...12 Conclusions………………………………………………………………………….13 Bibliography.…………………………………………………………………………14 Introduction Everything in this life has its own history, especially Religion, as it is a great institution. With the development of history of a particular country, there will always be development of Religion, since the Church is an integral part of State System. Heathenism, Orthodoxy, Judaism etc.. They have been living for centuries. And some of them were changed, penetrated each other or reformed dramatically. England was not exception. The English are not a deeply religious race. Hundreds of years ago they decided that Roman Catholicism with

its teachings about original sin and the unworthiness of the human race could not really have been meant for them. So they designed a Church of their own – the Church of England. The English Reformation was a result of the chain of events that eventually altered England and Englishness forever. So much in history is a bastard child of both long-standing, simmering emotion and the opportunistic seizing of a moment. By its nature unexpected, it is also unpredictable, and shaped as much by environment and chance as by its progenitors. The Reformation was no different. It was going on through the ages and reigns. I. History of the Church of England 1. Status of Church in England up to 1530 Until 1054 there was only one Christian Church - the Catholic Church. Its leadership was

centered in five great Patriarchates -- Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and Constantinople in the East and Rome in the West. After the Roman Empire became Christian some bishops increasingly became involved in political matters, and the bishops of Rome in particular began to claim power over the whole Church. This led to a tragic division in the Church, the "Great Schism" of 1054, when it split into the "Orthodox" East and the "Roman Catholic" West. Not directly involved in that split was the Church in England, which the Bishops of Rome were determined to claim - especially after 1061, when a rival Papacy in Lombardy claimed allegiance from the See of Canterbury. In 1066, the Duke of Normandy (William "the Conqueror"), with the support and