The category of Mood — страница 8

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analytical forms of the imperative mood for the first and the third person built up with the help of the semantically weakened unstressed let, as in Let him come, Let us g o, etc. G.N. Vorontsova gives a detailed analysis of these constructions to prove that they are analytical forms of the imperative: 1) Sentences like Let’s let newspaper reporters take a crack at her (Gardner) prove that unlike the second let which is a notional verb the first let is devoid of lexical meaning. 2) It is quite possible to treat the objective case pronouns in the sentences Let me be frank, Let him look out, Let them both see, as the subjects. 3) An order can be addressed not only to the second person but to the third person as well. Compare: Someone make an offer – and quick! (Barr). Let

someone make an offer. 4) The recognition of the let-constructions as the analytical forms of the imperative would make the imperative a developed morphological system. All these considerations are serious enough. Still there are some objections to these constructions being regarded as analytical forms of the imperative. 1. There is some difference in meaning between Go! and Let him go. In the second case no direct urging is expressed as it is typical of the imperative mood. 2. Cases like Do not let us ever allude to those times, with the word-morpheme do, alongside of such sentences as Let it not be doubted that they were nice, well-behaved girls (Bennett), without the word-morpheme do, show that let has not yet established itself as a word-morpheme of the imperative mood. To be

on the safe side, we shall assume that the if-constructions are analytical words in the making. Conclusion In the conclusion of my work, I would like to say some words according the done investigation. The main research was written in the main part of my course paper. So here I’ll give content of it with the description of question discussed in each paragraph. The main part of my work consists of following items: «The Category of Mood» Here I gave the definition to the term MOOD, described views of well-known linguists on this problem (number of moods in modern English) «The Indicative Mood» «The Imperative Mood» In these three paragraphs I determined three types of mood of English verb, which are accepted by all linguists, also I described when these moods can be used

and how can be translated into Russian (examples are given in the text). Standing on such ground I will add that investigation in the questions dealt with English verbs and their category of mood is not finished yet, so we will continue it while writing our qualification work. I hope that my course paper will arise the sincere interest of students and teachers to the problem of adjectives in contemporary English. Bibliography B. Ilyish, The Structure of Modern English. V.N. Zhigadlo, I.P. Ivanova, L.L. Iofik» Modern English language» (Theoretical course grammar) Moscow, 1956 y. Gordon E.M. The Use of adjectives in modern English. М.М. Галииская. «Иностранные языки в высшей школе», вып. 3, М., 1964.

Г.Н. Воронцова. Очерки по грамматике английского языка. М., 1960 O. Jespersen. Essentials of English Grammar. N.Y., 1938 Иванова И.П., Бурлакова В.В., Почепцов Г.Г. Теоретическая грамматика современного английского языка. – М., 1981. – 285 c. Ch. Barber. Linguistic change in Present-Day English. Edinburgh, 1964 The Structure of American English. New York, 1958. World Book Encyclopedia Vol.1 NY. 1993 pp.298–299 Internet http://madrasati2010.bravehost.com/adj.htm Internet http://www.vestnik.vsu.ru Internet:http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs/theory.htm Inbternet:http://www.englishlanguage.ru/main/verbs_mood.htm