The Canadian Pacific Railway Essay Research Paper

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The Canadian Pacific Railway Essay, Research Paper Sir John A. Macdonald had a vision, it was to join the eastern and the western of Canada with a steel ribbon to make a railway. British Columbia said that they would join Canada if Macdonald didn t fall back on his promise. Before the railway to get from east to west you would have to travel by boat, horse and cart, by foot or you could take a train that went most of the way through the United States. Macdonald s promise was that the railway would be built within ten years which is unheard of. Macdonald promised this because if British Columbia didn t get a way of getting east faster they would probably join the United States. John A. Macdonald dreamed of covering the parries with settlers but he needed to have a railway. The

railway would allow farmers to bring their goods to eastern market. This would not be possible without the railway so it needed to be built. Subsequent to the election of 1872, Macdonald and the Conservatives now concentrated on the railway being built. They would have their work cut out for them. They needed to hire Surveyors to find the best route through the swamps, forests, plains, and mountains. They would need to hire expert engineers to build tunnels and bridges. And they would also need thousands of workers to set down the track. A bunch of people under Hugh Allan formed the Canadian Pacific Railway Company to build the railway. Allan was heard to be the richest man in Canada. But soon after there was trouble for Sir John A. Macdonald. Papers stolen from Hugh Allen by a

former employee. People said that these papers proved that Hugh Allen and his group gave large amounts of money to Macdonald s government. So it looked like Hugh Allen was buying the right for his company to build the railway. The Conservatives admitted that Hugh Allen gave them large amounts of money but that was just a gift but the Liberals said it was a bribe most Canadians agreed with the Liberals and this event was known as the Pacific Scandal which made the Conservatives resign. John A. Macdonald s dream looked far and appeared that it would never be built. During the Mackenzie years great economic depression set in and lots of shops went out of business and people were unhappy. In the next election of 1878 John A. Macdonald introduced a National Policy to solve the country

s problems. It mainly stated that Canadians buy form Canada instead of from the United States. Fill the parries with settlers. Let them buy manufactured goods made in eastern Canada. Let them Sell their agricultural products to eastern Canadians. The Conservatives won the election and the building started again. William Van Horne was hired to supervise the railway construction process, he was very brilliant and helped with building the CRP considerably. The building of the track was very organized, stations sprang up all along the route. At least 1500 km of steel was laid on the prairies in fifteen months. The path of the railroad crossed through Blackfoot land which made them angry . Father Lacombe talked with the Blackfoot and the Blackfoot agreed that they could use their land

and Van Horne was so pleased that he gave Crowfoot a lifetime pass for use of all the Canadian Pacific Railway. Crowfoot was pleased with this gift and wore it around his neck on a chain for the rest of his life. People needed land, they needed land near railway stations but they didn t know where they were going to be so people started buying land like crazy where they thought a station would be, this was known as the Manitoba land boom. There where building problems when they reached the northern Ontario. It was easy to lay track on the parries where it is flat but long the mountains is a totally different story. It cost 7.5 million dollars worth of dynamite to clear away all the granite in Ontario. They also used nitroglycerin as explosives which is very dangerous, it explodes