The Boston Tea Party Essay Research Paper — страница 3

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that if it should appear unsafe to land the tea, they might go to sea again; and when the master came up to town, Mr. Samuel Adams and others, a committee of the town, ordered him, at his peril, to bring the ship up to land the other goods, but to suffer no tea to be taken out. The ship being entered, the Custom-house Officers would not clear her out until the duty on the tea was paid” (Thomas p. 53).The notion of destroying the East India Company’s tea was the last resort in the minds of Boston patriots. The Sons of Liberty, who had showed up for reasons varying from patriotism to the quest for excitement, and Bostonians boarded the tea ships on the cold December evening. Carrying hatchets to destroy the tea chests, three groups consisting of thirty to sixty participants and

a leader were working on destroying the tea. Several men on each tea ship hoisted the chests on deck while another group broke open the chests and poured the tea into the harbor. A large crowd silently approving the damage watched along the wharf. In less than three hours, the gangs had destroyed and dumped all the tea into the harbor. It was made clear that nobody was to keep any tea. One patriot filled the lining of his coat with loose tea and was quickly spotted, stripped of his clothing, and given a beating. Governmental authorities did not interrupt the proceedings during the night of the destruction of the tea. The main factor to the Boston Tea Party’s success was when the tea ships entered the harbor and into the hands of the Boston patriots. “This is the most

magnificent Movement of all,” wrote John Adams in his diary the next day. “There is a Dignity, a Majesty, a Sublimity in this last Effort of the Patriots that I greatly admire… so firm, intrepid, and inflexible, and it must have so important Consequences and so lasting, that I cannot but consider it as an Epocha in History…”(Labaree p. 145)Following the Tea Party , the governor stated that there was no practical means preventing the destruction of the tea. The cargo was offered to be stored, but the Boston patriots refused. To prevent the destruction of the tea, a pass would have been granted to the vessels. But to do so would have disobeyed a law forbidding the return of tea to Great Britain. The patriots’ leaders illustrated the destruction of the tea only came as a

last resort. There was no other known way to prevent the landing of the tea and the eventual payment of the duties. In Cambridge, Massachusetts rewards for information about the Tea Party was suggested. However, an attorney general was advised to make an investigation and present his evidence before a grand jury. By the beginning of the new year, the opposition to dutied tea was spread throughout the American continent. The Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston inhabitants focused their concern on the remaining Townshend Duty. The East India Company supported a grand conspiracy forcing Americans to acknowledge Parliament’s power of taxation. For the remaining months of the year there was very little tea in the Boston area. Because of the Boston Tea Party, almost every

colony became violent against dutied tea. Although the realization that English tea was still liable to taxation by Parliament, a Philadelphian remarked:”There is not an American from New England to South Carolina who would so far shame his country as to accept this baneful diet at the expense of his liberty. Fleets and armies… will never subdue the noble spirit of Freedom which fills our breasts.. I love Great Britain and rever the King; but it is my duty to hand down Freedom to my posterity, compatible with the rights of Englishmen; therefore no tea duty, nor any unconstitutional tax whatever”(Sutherland p. 117). The British ministry held a series of conferences to decide what action the government should carry out because of the destruction of tea in Boston. Lord

Dartmouth proposed that the King should advise the Governor of Massachusetts Bay to relocate the seat of government to a location in the province least likely to be influenced by the city of Boston. Dartmouth also suggested to relocate the Boston custom-house to another port, resulting in the closing of Boston harbor. The Ministry brought about two policies which automatically took effect. Punishing all of Boston and singling out guilty patriots and charging them with treason. The arrested patriot leaders were transported to England for trial. Francis Rotch, Captain Hall, along with six others recalled the events of the tea crisis to the Council. The eight witnesses did not reveal specific individuals in charge of the groups who destroyed the tea. The Cabinet gave up on