The Birth Of Computer Programming Essay Research — страница 3

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apologized. The scene made it difficult for Lovelace to sign her ?child? for fear of that the paper?s miraculous findings and ideas would be ignored. At Babbage?s insistence, Lovelace signed the article ?A.A.L.? and did the same with all her precious ?Notes.? The piece was then published in 1844 and received rave reviews. Lovelace and Babbage never worked on such a project again, but they had tried to develop a sure method of gambling on horses; the method failed terribly, leaving the Lovelace?s in great debt. Thirty years after Lovelace?s death on November 27, 1852, her full name was credited to the piece on the Analytical Engine. It was then, after Lovelace was no longer around to see it, that Lovelace finally had accomplished the task she claimed her father had passed on to

her. ?If he has transmitted to me any portion of that genius, I would use it to bring out great truths and principles. I think he has bequeathed this task to me. I have this feeling strongly; and there is a pleasure attending it? (Nilson 59). At that time, Lovelace had achieved another task that had not been foremost in her mind, but none-the-less had been there. She had taken her knowledge and turned it into something that people could use, but she had done this at a time when women were unable to attend science debates and mathematical meetings. Cambridge University did not admit women at the time, and only at the incessant begging of other mathematicians and scientists, like Babbage, were women even allowed to attend lectures at Cambridge. Women were gaining a step into the

world of men, and the reason for their advances was due to the few women who had the desire and willpower to push their way into the forbidden world. Such women as Lovelace, Mary Somerville and Florence Nightingale opened a door to women that had otherwise been locked tight. Lovelace?s ?uncommonly fine child? was the beginning of programming. It set the Analytical Engine up to accept an input, make calculations based on the input, and produce some output for people to see. The Analytical Engine was, therefore, the design for the first general-purpose computer. Today?s computers are modeled after the plans that Babbage had created, and Lovelace had created the means to make it work. She had laid out a program and included within it several loops to compute the Bernoulli numbers.

The prophetic insights of the woman, Ada Augusta Byron King, Countess of Lovelace, were greatly ahead of their time, and by some chance of fate, they were actually accepted in to the world of men. Lovelace gave birth to a new era of technology, and perhaps, that is the way it was meant to be. She struggled with her pregnancy and released a ?child? like no other. That ?child? became the basis for the programming languages we know today and the particular language that was named after its mother in 1977 by the U.S. Department of Defense. The language is called ?ADA.? Access Science : Biographies : Lovelace, (Augusta) Lovelace Byron, Countess of, (1815- 1852). 10 April 2000. The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2 November 2000. . Baum, Joan. The Calculating Passion of Lovelace Byron. Hamden,

Connecticut: Archon Books, 1986. Cooney, Miriam P. ?Lovelace Byron Lovelace : First Computer Programmer.? Celebrating Women in Mathematics and Science. Reston, Va.: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1996. Morrow, Charlene and Teri Perl, eds. ?Lovelace Augusta Byron Lovelace.? Notable Women in Mathematics : A Biographical Dictionary. 1998 ed.