The Battle Of Gettysbury Essay Research Paper

  • Просмотров 174
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 16

The Battle Of Gettysbury Essay, Research Paper The Battle of Gettysburg The battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the American Civil War. When looking at the causes of the Civil War, and eventually the Battle of Gettysburg, one must understand the differences between the differences between the North and the South. The South was fighting the war because they believed that the government treated them unfairly. They believed that the government overtaxing them, with tariffs and property taxes. On the other hand the North was fighting the war for two reasons. first to keep the Nation together and second to abolish slavery.In almost every category: manufacturing, amrywise and moneywise the North was better off. This set the stage for a very monumental battle we now call

Gettysburg! The battle of Chancellorsville had just ended and during that battle General Robert E. Lee made the historic decision to divide his already outmanned and outgunned Army of Northern Virginia. Lee created three corps from his 75,000 men, which mad it easier for him to accomplish more tasks in the same amount of time. Lee decided to the offensive role of the battle by invading Pennsylvania and Maryland in an attempt to end the war quickly by threatening the northern capitol and waging ?total war? on the Northern citizens. Unfortunately, for Lee because of General Stuart?s joyriding he was left without and clue to the whereabouts, intentions, strengths, or capabilities of the Union Army of the Potomac. Lee did not know that Meade(a union commander) was marching straight

for him with almost 82,000 men, and more importantly, a competent and mission orientend calvary commander, John Buford. July 1, 1863 was the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg. The battle begun when some of General Ambrose Powell Hill?s advance brigades entered the small town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania looking for shoes. Because of General Stuart?s failure to complete his mission of tracking the Union army, Hill?s troops encountered a Union calvary division commanded by Major General John Bufford. During battle in front of Cemetery Hill, General Hill encountered resistance from the Union forces which were trying to hold the Confederates off until more Union troops could help them. The fighting went on until General Richard S. Ewell arrived and forced the federal troops to

retreat to better ground southeast of Gettysburg. Although the Confederated won the day, Ewell made the mistake of not allowing General Hill to force the Union forces further back leaving the Union with the high ground On the following day, July 2, General George Gordon Meade, commander of the Union Army of the Potomac arrived, along with the majority of the army. He formed his forces in a horseshoe formation, anchored at Big and Little Round Top on the west, Culp?s Hill on the east, and dug in behind a stone wall along Cemetery Ridge. Determined to annihilate the Army of the Potomac once and for all, and end the war swiftly, General Lee ordered an attack. The attack was delayed time and time again, eventually kicking off just before noon and failing soon after that. Confederate

gains were limited to the Peach Orchard and a sector of Culp?s Hill( soon to be lost to a Union counterattack). The second day concluded with with planning for the third and final day. General Meade and the federal forces believed that an attack would come, but expected an attack at the same place that it had happened earlier that day. General Lee was determined to strike at the center of the Union army in the belief that Meade would move most of his forces up the flanks that had been barely held on the second day. The morning of July 3rd brought along little besides light firing by both sides. Preparations for the South?s attack were delayed again, but the half hearted attack began around noon with the infamous Picket?s Charge. Major General George Picket, a division commander