The At

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The At&T Restructuring Of 1995 Essay, Research Paper Wednesday, September 20, 1995, AT&T Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Robert E. Allen announced plans for a strategic restructuring that would separate AT&T into three publicly traded global companies. Robert E. Allen said, “The company was taking this bold step to capitalize on the opportunities in each business’ segment of the global information industry — communications services, communications equipment, and transaction-intensive computing.” Under the plan, a fourth business — AT&T Capital Corporation — would be sold, and AT&T shareowners would hold shares in each of the three remaining companies. “Changes in customer needs, technology and public policy are radically transforming our

industry,” said Robert E. Allen. “We now see this restructuring as the next logical turn in AT&T’s journey since divestiture. It will make AT&T’s businesses more valuable to our shareowners, even more responsively to their customers, and better able to focus on the growth opportunities in their individual markets.” A focus of one of the new companies will be to provide the best communications and information services worldwide. The services company, operating under the familiar “AT&T” brand name, would consist of AT&T’s current Communications Services Group, the AT&T Universal card Services Corporation, the newly established AT&T Solutions consulting and systems-integration organization, and AT&T Wireless Services. The services company

plans to create an AT&T Laboratories unit around the core of the Bell Laboratories. “AT&T’s products and systems businesses, along with the world-renowned Bell Laboratories, would constitute a communications systems and technology company that would immediately be the global leader in its industry,” said Robert E. Allen. The communications equipment company would include AT&T’s Network Systems Group, Global Business Communications Systems, Consumer Products, AT&T Paradyne and Microelectronics. The new company named Lucent Technologies, would be a powerful competitor in the fast-growing communications systems market. Henry B. Schacht was designated Lucent Technologies Chief Executive Officer. The company’s computer unit AT&T Global Information

Solutions (GIS), would be established as an independent company by spinning it off to AT&T Shareowners. “Our services and systems businesses are at the intersection of tremendous change and opportunity,” said Allen. “This restructuring ensures that each can follow the path of greatest opportunity without worrying about bumping into each other along the way.” Lars Nyberg was announced Chief Executive Officer for NCR, formerly known as GIS, the new computer company. Allen believes Nyberg to be the right leader to get the computer business back on track. Nyberg is taking action to create a smaller, more focused and more rapid business. NCR will continue to develop, manufacture, and market computer platforms for any industry, however, it will focus on the three key

industry segments where it has a leading position — financial, retail, and communications. As a major part of its turnaround, NCR will halt the manufacturing of personal computers. It will continue to support and service all its current hardware and software installations and will market its service capabilities to all industries. NCR, which currently employs 43,000 people in more than 120 countries, announced a major cost-cutting initiative that will lead to the termination of approximately 8,500 jobs. AT&T will incur a pre-tax charge of approximately 1.5 billion dollars against third quarter earnings to cover the costs of the NCR restructuring. This reduces the 1995 earnings by 1 billion dollars, or 66 cents per share. AT&T plans to sell its remaining shares of