The Assyrians And Their Histor Essay Research — страница 3

  • Просмотров 233
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 18
    Кб

organized troops. One reason for their huge success was the technological advancement found in their weapons. Some of these weapons were used for the very first time by this great military power known as the Assyrian Empire. One of the more advanced of which was the bow. They also used slings, swords, dagger, and spears to fend off and attack enemies (Cotterell 106). Another great part of the strength of the armies, were the chariots and the horsemen. These chariots were very innovative for the time, and were very successful in battles. This was unbelievable technology for the time in history. Most civilizations in this time were merely concerned with surviving while the Assyrians were securing their homeland. Drawn by two horses they were the able to carry a soldier into battle

virtually unharmed (Glubok 112). In this Empire there was one leader of the army, he of course was the mighty King (Cotterell 106). More than any other ancient nation, the Assyrians sustained itself through being aggressive in their military wars, and campaigns. They were ruthless and cruel in the way they treated those they conquered. This harsh policy led them to power, and glory. This power and glory is what the Assyrians were really known for, their military advancement is the key to this power. King Shamshi led his military into raids of nearby territory expanding his kingdom. He would install a son to be the leader of the conquered territory, so another military power could be started. Dynasties, or family rule, were common in Assyrian cities. This stern and brutal way of

ruling of the Assyrians also led to their unavoidable doom. They were so cold blooded; they committed atrocious acts, which other civilizations felt had to be stopped. The Assyrians made so many enemies this way that they banded together against the Assyrians to try and bring the empire down. The mighty Assyrian Empire found itself caught in the middle of the ongoing struggles that fragmented the Near East into small empires. For centuries, power in Mesopotamia shifted. The Assyrians and the Babylonians fought for many years to call this land home. Sometimes a Babylonian leader would claim Mesopotamia to be his kingdom; while on the other hand, an Assyrian king would claim the land belonged to him. Mesopotamia was always in conquest for its rich farmland and its position to water

(Wells 134). Military might was the most important part of the Assyrian Empire. Without this might, they would not be the power they were in Mesopotamian history. Military might was not the only innovative idea of the Assyrians. They had many more ideas that proceeded their time in history. For one thing they were very skilled hunters. Although agriculture was a big part of their lives many men were hunters. One of the most important people in the kingdom was always found hunting when not in battle. This of course was the king. He like other Assyrians loved to hunt. After a century and a half, archaeologists have found, by their excavation and translations of the Mesopotamian texts, that the Assyrians were not merely ruthless destroyers and murderers. The Assyrians were also

great builders as shown in the ruins of their cities. They were very industrious farmers, as well as, very skilled artists. One other trait of the Assyrian people was their great ability to trade. Assyrians were also known for their beliefs on astronomy. Although they did not find in spectacular new findings, they kept the Babylonian tradition in astronomy. Assyrian medicine also had innovations and new ideas. The Assyrian people thought that the gods brought about sickness, to punish human sins. They practiced magical rituals, with prayers, incantations and sacrifices to heal. It was not until later in the history of the Assyrians that they took a fresh approach to medicine. This new practice of medicine said that natural agents cause some sickness. This new approach represents

the first stirrings of scientific inquiry based on evidence and cause and effect (Nardo 10-13 and 70-71). Other innovations such as legal records were kept. Records such as contracts, receipts and marriage documents have been found. Also found were some adoption documents. There were also laws in the government with very harsh penalties. These penalties, if you violated legal agreements, were sometimes very bizarre. An example of punishment might be to present ten white horses to the gods, or burn the eldest son. Even more bizarre was to swallow a bundle of wood. This punishment stemmed from a Babylonian code known as Hammurabi s code. Stating that an eye for an eye a tooth for a tooth, which means if you commit an illegal action, there is a consequence (Cotterell 108). Like the